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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Born 1608 in Dehu, near Poona, Maharashtra; died 1649. Indian Vishnuite poet.

Tukaram wrote in Marathi. A wandering poet and preacher, he was persecuted by the priesthood for proclaiming the equality of all men before god and for attacking orthodox religion. He developed the lyric genre of the abhang, a short lyric that depicted the life of the working people and the cruelty of the foreign rulers of Maharashtra. Tukaram’s aphoristic abhangs used colloquial language; many of them became proverbs and sayings.


Tukarama. A Complete Collection of the Poems of Tukarama. Bombay, 1869.


Lamshukov, V. Maratkhskaia literatura. Moscow, 1970.
Divekar, H. R. Sant Tukaram. Allahabad, 1950.
Tulpule, G. V. Sakshatkarpathavar Tukaram. Sangli, 1954.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
encouraged by the response Aidan was getting, nine-year-old Jijjith thukaram, attending with his parents from nearby Sutton, is soon chipping in too.
the opportunity to get up close and personal with the horses and those who look after them is what makes these days special, and another encounter with the thukaram family offered an insight into what attracts their son, and why they encourage it.
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Tal es el caso de (Devaraj, Preetha & Rani, 2007; Kamalasadan, Thukaram & Srivastava, 2009), donde se utilizan las redes neuronales (RN) para estimar el maximo valor del indice (L) ante condiciones de contingencia.
Kesh Thukaram, Director of Best Insurance says that they have seen a rapid increase in numbers of people buying income protection insurance.
Kesh Thukaram, of the Landlord Syndicate, a network of companies providing a complete support centre for landlords, said: "Some risk is inherent and therefore has to be accepted, but with enough research and knowledge some can be managed and reduced."
Keshav Thukaram, managing director of landlord property services website Smartlandlord.co.uk, said: "With the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors predicting only a 1% house price fall year-on-year in August and the Centre for Economics and Business Research predicting house prices will be down only 4% at the end of 2009 before rising next year, it looks as though we can expect prices to rise over the coming months.
"The Government must show its support for the industry by ensuring that any measures to support struggling property owners, such as the new Mortgage Guarantee Scheme, apply to landlords as well as owner occupiers." Keshav Thukaram, managing director of sponsor Smartlandlord.co.uk, pointed out that the falling interest rates and prices have made it "increasingly possible for much needed buy-to-let landlords to enter the market."
Kesh Thukaram, a member of the Landlord Syndicate and managing director of Best Insurance, said: "Today, 25 per cent of the new-buy properties we reference are houses compared to two years ago.
Thukaram, Abraham Lomi, "Selection of static VAR compensator location and size for system voltage stability improvement", Electric power systems research, Vol.54, 2000.