Thule


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Thule

(tho͞o`lē), name given by the ancients to the most northerly land of Europe. It was an island discovered and described (c.310 B.C.) by the Greek navigator PytheasPytheas
, Greek mariner and geographer, fl. late 4th cent. B.C. A native of the Greek colony of Massilia (modern Marseilles), he explored the Atlantic coasts of Spain and France, circumnavigated Britain, and sailed to Thule (perhaps the Shetlands or Iceland) and to the Baltic.
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 and variously identified with Iceland, Norway, and the Shetland Islands. The phrase "Ultima Thule" is used figuratively to denote the most distant goal of human endeavor or a land remote beyond all reckoning.

Thule

(tho͞o`lē, to͞o`–) or

Qaanaaq

(känäk`), town (1995 pop. 627), N Greenland, on the north side of Inglefield Gulf. The name of Thule was originally attached to the main settlement for the Thule Eskimos, founded in 1910 by the arctic explorer Knud RasmussenRasmussen, Knud Johan Victor
, 1879–1933, Danish arctic explorer and ethnologist. Born in Greenland of Eskimo ancestry on his mother's side, he began (1902) 30 years of exploration and of study of the Eskimo.
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 as a trading post on the south side of Wolstenholme Fjord at the site of the present-day Thule Air Base. Built during World War II, the base was greatly expanded after 1951 during the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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. The Thule Eskimos were forced to move the settlement of Thule (as well as the name) c.62 mi (100 km) to Qaanaaq. The site of Thule Air Base is officially named Pituffik. Pituffik is also a base for Danish and U.S. scientific operations on the ice sheet and serves as the airport for Greenland NW of Cape York.

Thule

 

according to Hellenistic and Roman geographers dating back to Pytheas of Massilia (as mentioned in Strabo’s Geography, I, 4, 2), an island located six days’ voyage by boat north of Britain, near the arctic circle; the northernmost inhabited land. According to one theory, Thule was the northwest section of Norway, in the region of Trondheimsfjorden.

REFERENCES

El’nitskii, L. A. Znanüa drevnikh o severnykh stranakh. Moscow, 1961.
Magidovich, I. P., and V. I. Magidovich. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Evropy. Moscow, 1970.

Thule

 

a settlement on the northeastern shore of Baffin Bay, in Greenland. Population, more than 300 (1972; primarily Eskimo). Thule, founded in 1910 as a fur trading post, has seal-trapping and the hunting of arctic foxes. A large US Air Force base is located nearby.

Thule

1. a region believed by ancient geographers to be the northernmost land in the inhabited world: sometimes thought to have been Iceland, Norway, or one of the Shetland Islands
2. an Inuit settlement in NW Greenland: a Danish trading post, founded in 1910, and US air force base
References in periodicals archive ?
Jack Stephens, an American weather forecaster, has found a home in Thule. He's been there since 1973.
The US-Danish security agreement gives the American military broad authority to operate out of Thule Air Base.
'The exercise, which operates every summer, is an opportunity to ship by sea-van a container of our longer-shelf life frozen items, heavier canned items, and dry items to fill up Thule's storage spaces for the upcoming winter in a more economical manner,' she said.
In addition, Thule Group said it will immediately initiate a process for the recruitment of his successor.
In addition to being the farthest exploration of an object in history four billion miles from Earth the flyby of Ultima Thule was also the first investigation by any space mission of a well-preserved planetesimal, an ancient relic from the era of planet formation.
The (https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/03/space-snowman-edge-our-solar-system-actually-two-lumpy-pancakes) MU69 or Ultima Thule may have formed at first as two small separate objects.
Ultima Thule was not even discovered until eight years after New Horizons was launched in 2006.
Detailed images beamed back from the New Horizons spacecraft showed that Ultima Thule, which lies some 6.4 billion kilometers (4 billion miles) away from Earth, is composed of two spheres, or "lobes."
On Tuesday, based on early, fuzzy images taken the day before, scientists said Ultima Thule resembled a bowling pin.
It will take nearly two years for New Horizons to beam back all of its observations of Ultima Thule.
After a 13-year journey, the piano-sized spacecraft has covered a distance of four billion miles to reach Ultima Thule in the Kuiper Belt -- a donut-shaped region of ancient, rocky bodies beyond the orbit of Neptune.
It had taken fully six hours and eight minutes to traverse the great expanse of space between Ultima Thule and Earth.