Thule

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Thule

(tho͞o`lē), name given by the ancients to the most northerly land of Europe. It was an island discovered and described (c.310 B.C.) by the Greek navigator PytheasPytheas
, Greek mariner and geographer, fl. late 4th cent. B.C. A native of the Greek colony of Massilia (modern Marseilles), he explored the Atlantic coasts of Spain and France, circumnavigated Britain, and sailed to Thule (perhaps the Shetlands or Iceland) and to the Baltic.
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 and variously identified with Iceland, Norway, and the Shetland Islands. The phrase "Ultima Thule" is used figuratively to denote the most distant goal of human endeavor or a land remote beyond all reckoning.

Thule

(tho͞o`lē, to͞o`–) or

Qaanaaq

(känäk`), town (1995 pop. 627), N Greenland, on the north side of Inglefield Gulf. The name of Thule was originally attached to the main settlement for the Thule Eskimos, founded in 1910 by the arctic explorer Knud RasmussenRasmussen, Knud Johan Victor
, 1879–1933, Danish arctic explorer and ethnologist. Born in Greenland of Eskimo ancestry on his mother's side, he began (1902) 30 years of exploration and of study of the Eskimo.
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 as a trading post on the south side of Wolstenholme Fjord at the site of the present-day Thule Air Base. Built during World War II, the base was greatly expanded after 1951 during the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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. The Thule Eskimos were forced to move the settlement of Thule (as well as the name) c.62 mi (100 km) to Qaanaaq. The site of Thule Air Base is officially named Pituffik. Pituffik is also a base for Danish and U.S. scientific operations on the ice sheet and serves as the airport for Greenland NW of Cape York.

Thule

 

according to Hellenistic and Roman geographers dating back to Pytheas of Massilia (as mentioned in Strabo’s Geography, I, 4, 2), an island located six days’ voyage by boat north of Britain, near the arctic circle; the northernmost inhabited land. According to one theory, Thule was the northwest section of Norway, in the region of Trondheimsfjorden.

REFERENCES

El’nitskii, L. A. Znanüa drevnikh o severnykh stranakh. Moscow, 1961.
Magidovich, I. P., and V. I. Magidovich. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Evropy. Moscow, 1970.

Thule

 

a settlement on the northeastern shore of Baffin Bay, in Greenland. Population, more than 300 (1972; primarily Eskimo). Thule, founded in 1910 as a fur trading post, has seal-trapping and the hunting of arctic foxes. A large US Air Force base is located nearby.

Thule

1. a region believed by ancient geographers to be the northernmost land in the inhabited world: sometimes thought to have been Iceland, Norway, or one of the Shetland Islands
2. an Inuit settlement in NW Greenland: a Danish trading post, founded in 1910, and US air force base