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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the name of several Egyptian pharaohs of the 18th Dynasty who reigned during the New Kingdom. The most important were Thutmose I and Thutmose III.

Thutmose I. Ruled from 1538 B.C. to 1525 B.C. Thutmose I pursued an active policy of conquest. During his reign, Egyptian armies conquered Nubia as far as the third cataract of the Nile in the south and advanced to the Euphrates River in the north.

Thutmose III. Ruled circa 1525–1473 B.C. Until 1503, Thutmose III was prevented by his stepmother and co-ruler, Hatshepsut, from exercising real authority. In 1503, after her death, he launched a series of successful military campaigns to restore Egyptian supremacy in Syria and Palestine, which had broken away during Hatshepsut’s regency. In 1492 and 1491 he defeated the Mitanni king and seized his possessions west of the Euphrates. In the south he extended Egypt’s boundaries to the fourth cataract of the Nile, and in the west he forced payment of a tribute from Libya. Thutmose III received gifts from the rulers of Assyria, Babylonia, and the Hittite Empire and from the island of Crete. The territories he conquered were made provinces of Egypt and placed under the rule of viceroys.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hatshepsut the eldest of two daughters was born to King Thutmose and Queen Ahmse.
The ministry stated that the second phase will include a giant pink granite tomb, with carvings of Roman inscriptions, mainly the lotus flower, and depicting king Thutmose III.
She was a powerful pharaoh who took over after her husband, Thutmose II, died.
The earliest written reference to Megiddo seems to have been during the reign of the Egyptian Pharaoh Thutmose III, who defeated Syrian and Canaanite states there in 1468 BCE.
She sees a likely shift from simple hwt-k[??] for royal statues, much like those associated with Middle Kingdom activity in Nubia, immediately following the reconquest, to stone temples for the god Amun in the mid-Eighteenth Dynasty (time of Thutmose III/Amenhotep II).
It explains how images of Egyptian queen Nefertiti became so popular, and gives the history of the Nefertiti bust, created by Egyptian sculptor Thutmose in the Bronze Age and now located in the Neues Museum in Berlin.
A cartouche carved on the ceiling bears the name of King Thutmose I of the early 18th dynasty, the ministry said.
Prepared by the sculptor Thutmose, it exemplifies the revolution in art that accompanied the religious revolution.
His tomb was buried near a temple from the era of fourth-millennium warrior king Thutmose III, which also gives light to his supposed royal lineage.
This book offers a series of articles that explore Egyptian interactions with Southwest Asia during the second and first millennium BCE, including long-distance trade in the Middle Kingdom, the itinerary of Thutmose Ill's great Syrian campaign, the Amman Airport structure, anthropoid coffins at Tell el-Yahudiya, Egypt's relations with Israel in the age of Solomon, Nile perch and other trade with the southern Levant and Transjordan in the Iron Age, Saite strategy at Mezad Hashavyahu, and the concept of resident alien in Late Period Egypt complemented by methodological and typological studies of data from the archaeological investigations at Tell al-Maskhuta, the Wadi Tumilat, and Mendes in the eastern Nile delta.
"Each pharaoh had his own stamp - The ones which we found from Saruq Al Hadid are from the pharaoh called Thutmose III [the sixth pharaoh of the 18th dynasty] who lived in the same period of Saruq Al Hadid civilisation."