thylakoid

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thylakoid

[′thī·lə‚kȯid]
(cell and molecular biology)
An internal membrane system which occupies the main body of a plastid; particularly well developed in chloroplasts.
References in periodicals archive ?
The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of Mn application on the photosystem-II activity on the isolated thylakoid membranes of the rice.
In this example, the student was able to review the structure and function of thylakoid membrane, and also obtained more detailed information about some of its parts--for example, electron transport chain.
The plastid ndh genes code for an NADH-specific dehydrogenase: purification and characterization of a mitochondrial-like complex I from pea thylakoid membranes.
The light reactions on the thylakoid membrane all happen in a microsecond.
takes up two protons from the stromal side of the thylakoid membrane and forms the neutral plastoquinol ([Q.
A crucial aspect of the process is that the flow of electrons from water to NADP also produces a proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane.
Their topics include the diversity of interactions in redox systems: from short-lived to long-lived complexes, the role of cardiolipin in a mitochondrial supercomplex assembly, mitochondrial respiratory supercomplexes in physiology and diseases, the regulation of photosynthetic electron transport via supercomplex formation in the thylakoid membrane, membrane organization and electron transport switches in cyanobacteria, and the regulation of cellular signaling by thioredoxin.
It transfers electrons from plastoquinol to O2 with formation of H2O and acts as the terminal oxidase of chlororespiration, which represents a respiratory electron transport chain in thylakoid membrane.
Cytochrome f is one of the main subunits of an oligomeric membrane protein complex, the cytochrome b6 f, which is one of the major redox complexes of the thylakoid membrane.
Carotenoids are integral constituents of the thylakoid membrane and are usually well associated with many of the proteins that constitute the photosynthetic apparatus (SIKUKU et al.
In cyanobacteria the major light harvesting antenna consists of a supra-molecular protein-chromophore complex known as phycobilisome, which is anchored onto the cyanobacterial thylakoid membrane from the cytoplasm.
the difference between the stroma, the thylakoid membrane, and the lumen