Thymidine


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thymidine

[′thī·mə‚dēn]
(biochemistry)
C10H14N2O5 A nucleoside derived from deoxyribonucleic acid; essential growth factor for certain microorganisms in mediums lacking vitamin B12 and folic acid.

Thymidine

 

a natural organic compound, a nucleoside consisting of the pyrimidine base thymine and the carbohydrate deoxyri-bose. Thymidine is made up of acicular crystals that are readily soluble in water. With respect to chemical properties, it is a weak base. Thymidine is present in all living cells as a constituent of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Thymidine tagged with radioactive tritium is extensively used in laboratories to study DNA biosynthesis and the repair of DNA after injury.

References in periodicals archive ?
Thymidine kinase can be measured in the blood of hepatectomized rats, providing a noninvasive assessment of liver regeneration (29).
Meyer et al., "Immunohistochemical analysis of thymidylate synthase, thymidine phosphorylase, and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase in rectal cancer (cUICC II/III): correlation with histopathologic tumor regression after 5-fluorouracil-based long-term neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy," The American Journal of Surgical Pathology, vol.
Shields, "PET imaging with 18F-FLT and thymidine analogs: promise and pitfalls," The Journal of Nuclear Medicine, vol.
Expression of cytokeratin-19 mRNA and thymidine kinase-1 protein in gastrointestinal cancer
Thymidine Market Segment by Regions, splits into several key Region, with production, consumption, revenue, market share and growth rate of Thymidine Market in these regions, from 2011 to 2021 (forecast), like North America, China, Europe, Japan, India, Southeast Asia split by product type, with production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type Split by application, this report focuses on consumption, market share and growth rate of Thymidine Market in each application.
Regulation and biological function of thymidine kinase.
Construction and growth properties of bovine herpesvirus type 5 recombinants defective in the glycoprotein E or thymidine kinase gene or both.
Phase II study of Capecitabine with concomitant radiotherapy for patients with locallyadvanced pancreatic cancer: up-regulation of thymidine phosphorylase.
Four proteins (antithrombin-III, transmembrane and immunoglobulin domain-containing protein 1, tumor protein D52, and thymidine phosphorylase) are associated with different types of cancers (p = 4.17 x [10.sup.-4] - 3.21 x [10.sup.-2]), while 2 proteins (antithrombin-III and thymidine phosphorylase) are associated with organism injury and abnormalities (p = 8.35 x [10.sup.-4] - 4.54 x [10.sup.-2]).
pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells by determining cell proliferation (viable cell numbers, thymidine incorporation), ROS levels, NADPH oxidase activation (enzyme activity, subcellular levels of NADPH oxidase subunits), activation of redox-sensitive transcription factors (NF-[kappa]B, AP-1), expression of oncogenes ([beta]-catenin, c-myc), and nuclear localization of [beta]-catenin.
BNO-1055 dose-dependently attenuated cellular uptake and incorporation of thymidine and BrdU and significantly inhibited cell growth after long-time exposure.
Na3, Fe(NO3)3, FeSO4, folic acid, glucose, H2Se03, HEPES, hypoxanthine, insulin human, KCI, linoleic acid, lipoic acid, MgC12, MnC12, MnSO4, myo-inositol, Na2HPO4, Na2Se03, Na2SiO3, NaC1, NaH2PO4, NaHCO3, sodium pyruvate, sodium acetate, NH4V03, NiC12, nicotinamide, phenol red, polysorbate 80, putrescine, putrescine 2HC1, pyridoxine HO, pyridoxal Ha, riboflavin, SnC12, thiamine HO, thymidine, vitamin B12 and ZnSO4.

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