The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a system of state duties in cash, kind, and labor, levied upon peasants and posadskie liudi (merchants and artisans) in the Russian state from the 15th through the early 18th century. Under the system, the sokha was the basic unit of assessment (seeSOKHA). In addition to direct taxes, the system required the peasants and posadskie liudi to fulfill other obligations, which were frequently commuted to cash payments.

In the 17th century, the heaviest taxes were the following: the streletskii khleb, a duty in kind consisting of grain deliveries for the maintenance of the strel’tsy (musketeers); the streletskie den’gi, the monetary tax which replaced the streletskii khleb later in the century; the iamskie den’gi, a monetary payment for the maintenance of the postal system and public roads; the dannye den’gi, a regular direct tax paid to the government; and the obrochnye den’gi, or quitrent. In 1679 the unit of assessment was changed from the sokha to the dvor (household), and the most important direct taxes and some minor levies were combined in a single tax, the streletskaia podat’, an assessment for the support of the streltsy.

After the introduction of the poll tax (podushnaia podat’), the term tiaglo was supplanted by the term podat’. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the word tiaglo was used to refer to a conditional unit of assessment. After the Peasant Reform of 1861, the term went out of use.


Lappo-Danilevskii, A. S. Organizatsiia priamogo oblozheniia v Moskovskom gosudarstve so vremen smuty do epokhi preobrazovanii. St. Petersburg, 1890.
Miliukov, P. N. Gosudarstvennoe khoziaistvo Rossii v pervoi chetverti XVIII st. i reforma Petra Velikogo. St. Petersburg, 1892.
Veselovskii, S. B. Soshnoepis’mo, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1915–16.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
They were unburdened with imposts (tiaglo) that the townsmen had to pay, much less subjected to "disinterested" office work than the servicemen were to service, and could easily become useful to the authorities (nachal'nye liudi), thereby gaining powerful protection.
In January, 1800, for example, the commune levied and collected four rubles, eighty kopecks from each tiaglo (assessment unit); the money went for a variety of expenses, including upkeep of horses, expenses of the estate manager, and for commuting labor services owed the priests in Baki.
The bureaucratic principle was most established in the capital and some of the larger governorship capitals, but much of the financial administration in particular remained in the hands of the tiaglo and soslovie communes and their elected representatives.