Tiananmen Square

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Related to Tianamen Square: Forbidden City

Tiananmen Square,

large public square in BeijingBeijing
or Peking
, city and independent municipality (2010 pop. 19,612,368), capital of the People's Republic of China. It is in central Hebei prov., but constitutes an independent unit (6,564 sq mi/17,000 sq km) administered directly by the national government.
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, China, on the southern edge of the Inner or Tatar City. The square, named for its Gate of Heavenly Peace (Tiananmen), contains the monument to the heroes of the revolution, the Great Hall of the People, the National Museum of China, and the Chairman Mao Zedong Memorial Hall (with Mao's embalmed body). Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
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 proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic in the square on Oct. 1, 1949, an anniversary still observed there.

A massive demonstration for democratic reform, begun there by Chinese students in Apr., 1989, was brutally repressed on June 3 and 4. It was initiated to demand the posthumous rehabilitation of former Communist Party Chairman Hu YaobangHu Yaobang
, 1915–89, Chinese Communist political leader, b. Hunan prov. A protegé of Deng Xiaoping, Hu became general secretary of the Communist party in 1980 and party chairman in 1981, effectively replacing Hua Guofeng as leader of the Communist party.
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. The government was tolerant until after his funeral; then Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
or Teng Hsiao-p'ing
, 1904–97, Chinese revolutionary and government leader, b. Sichuan prov. Deng became a member of the Chinese Communist party while studying in France (1920–25) and later (1926) attended Sun Yatsen Univ., Moscow.
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 denounced the protests. The demonstrators were joined by workers, intellectuals, and civil servants, until over a million people filled the square. General Secretary Zhao ZiyangZhao Ziyang
or Chao Tzu-yang
, 1919–2005, Chinese Communist leader. He joined the party in 1938, was active as a local party leader during World War II, and by the 1960s was party secretary of Guangdong prov.
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 expressed sympathy, but lost out to Deng, who supported the use of military suppression. Martial law was declared on May 20. The protesters demanded that the leadership resign, but the government answered on June 3–4 with troops and tanks, killing thousands to quell a "counterrevolutionary rebellion." Zhao was dismissed and a number of the student leaders were arrested.

References in periodicals archive ?
Tianamen Square in Beijing hit the headlines globally, in 1989, through a massive protest the residents of the city staged against the political corruption in China.
Students staged a hunger strike on Tianamen Square in May that received support from non-student organizations (workers, farmers, professionals, retirees, etc.
And instead of Tianamen Square, there will be some executive flats, the Great Wall will be a building supplies retail park and the Forbidden City will be a posh hotel.
Tianamen Square showed that it did not work against the Chinese Communists.
Unfortunately, four weeks before my proposed departure, the protests at Tianamen Square exploded on to our television screens and all visits were suspended.
On June 4 Bishop Zen presided over a prayer meeting commemorating the 1989 Tianamen Square massacre in Beijing.
Two university students, young lovers and organizers of the Tianamen Square democracy protests, have their wedding and their very lives altered as a result of the demonstrations and ensuing events in China.
British walkers confirming traditional walking rights across private lands, women striving to take back the night they never had, the Sierra Club protesting west coast logging, Chinese protesters at Tianamen Square in 1987, or people trying to institute a street festival, are all Solnit's kind.
Kate, whose reported on China's Tianamen Square massacre, the Gulf War and Bosnia, also slammed the BBC for its coverage of the Nepalese royal family massacre.
The Pontiffs recently performed in Tianamen Square at the behest of Arnold Schwarzenegger for the launch of the Special Olympics.
They are too young to remember the space shuttle blowing up and Tianamen Square has no meaning for them.