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(both: tyän`jĭn`), city and independent municipality (2010 pop. 12,938,224), NE China. In E central Hebei prov., it is a politically independent unit (4,400 sq mi/11,399 sq km) administered directly by the central government. The third largest city in China, Tianjin's urban core is located at the confluence of the Hai River (c.30 mi/50 km from its mouth) with the Grand Canal. Its port, located on the Bohai, an arm of the Yellow sea, is one of China's leading international ports and the collection and distribution center for the N China plain. It is connected by rail with much of China, and the city has a subway system. Tianjin is an important manufacturing center, with iron- and steelworks, textile mills (cotton, woolen, and hemp), machine shops, chemical industries, flour mills and other food-processing establishments, paper mills, and plants making heavy machinery, automobiles, precision instruments, cement, fertilizer, rubber products, carpets, lubricants, computers and computer components, and telecommunications equipment. The banking and trade industries also are vital to the economy. The part of the city known as the Binhai New Area, which includes the port, has been designated a special economic zone in order to increase foreign trade and investment. The municipality-encouraged construction of the Yujiapu Financial District in Binhai on the Hai River, intended to transform Tianjin into a world financial center, has largely resulted in underoccupied skyscrapers.

Strategically located on the overland route to Manchuria, Tianjin has been a frequent military objective since its rise to importance in the late 18th cent. Agreements exacted from China by the British and French in 1860 made Tianjin a treaty port and conceded parts of it for foreign settlements and garrisons. In the Boxer UprisingBoxer Uprising,
1898–1900, antiforeign movement in China, culminating in a desperate uprising against Westerners and Western influence.

By the end of the 19th cent. the Western powers and Japan had established wide interests in China.
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 (1900) there was a joint foreign occupation, and the Europeans razed the walls. With the abolition of the last foreign concessions in 1946, Tianjin was completely restored to Chinese sovereignty. The city has an astronomical observatory and is the seat of Hebei Univ., Nankai Univ., Tianjin Univ., a medical college, and a music conservatory.


, Tientsin, T'ien-ching
an industrial city in NE China, in Hebei province, on the Grand Canal, 51 km (32 miles) from the Yellow Sea: the third largest city in China; seat of Nankai University (1919). Pop.: 9 346 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Busmen secured their visas from the Chinese embassy only on Monday afternoon and with no direct flight from Manila to Tianjin, they are estimated to arrive in the Northern coastal Chinese city at approximately 3:30 a.
By acquiring Tianjin Jin Re Natural Gas, the Group's business will expand at full speed from only undertaking projects in the past to covering also supply of LNG and gasified natural gas, as well as providing technical consultation service in Tianjin.
Speaking at the Gala Lunch, Mr Nip said that Tianjin had benefitted from the development of its Free Trade Zone, the Belt and Road Initiative and the strategy of Coordinated Development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei.
Under the call of the "One Belt & One Road Initial" and the integration of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, and with the independent introduction of the first A330 wide-body aircraft, Tianjin Airlines concentrates on the international market and has opened nearly 10 international air routes, including Tianjin-Chongqing-London, Tianjin-Chongqing=Auckland.
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Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei have natural conditions to develop lowcarbon collaboration
Limited during the visit of a 9-member Chinese delegation to Karachi Chamber which was led by Chen Wei Ming, Vice President of Tianjin People's Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries.
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Xiao Huaiyuan, Chairman of the Standing Committee of Tianjin Municipal Peoples Congress (China) along with five member delegation, Mr.

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