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(both: tyän`jĭn`), city and independent municipality (2010 pop. 12,938,224), NE China. In E central Hebei prov., it is a politically independent unit (4,400 sq mi/11,399 sq km) administered directly by the central government. The third largest city in China, Tianjin's urban core is located at the confluence of the Hai River (c.30 mi/50 km from its mouth) with the Grand Canal. Its port, located on the Bohai, an arm of the Yellow sea, is one of China's leading international ports and the collection and distribution center for the N China plain. It is connected by rail with much of China, and the city has a subway system. Tianjin is an important manufacturing center, with iron- and steelworks, textile mills (cotton, woolen, and hemp), machine shops, chemical industries, flour mills and other food-processing establishments, paper mills, and plants making heavy machinery, automobiles, precision instruments, cement, fertilizer, rubber products, carpets, lubricants, computers and computer components, and telecommunications equipment. The banking and trade industries also are vital to the economy. The part of the city known as the Binhai New Area, which includes the port, has been designated a special economic zone in order to increase foreign trade and investment. The municipality-encouraged construction of the Yujiapu Financial District in Binhai on the Hai River, intended to transform Tianjin into a world financial center, has largely resulted in underoccupied skyscrapers.

Strategically located on the overland route to Manchuria, Tianjin has been a frequent military objective since its rise to importance in the late 18th cent. Agreements exacted from China by the British and French in 1860 made Tianjin a treaty port and conceded parts of it for foreign settlements and garrisons. In the Boxer UprisingBoxer Uprising,
1898–1900, antiforeign movement in China, culminating in a desperate uprising against Westerners and Western influence.

By the end of the 19th cent. the Western powers and Japan had established wide interests in China.
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 (1900) there was a joint foreign occupation, and the Europeans razed the walls. With the abolition of the last foreign concessions in 1946, Tianjin was completely restored to Chinese sovereignty. The city has an astronomical observatory and is the seat of Hebei Univ., Nankai Univ., Tianjin Univ., a medical college, and a music conservatory.

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, Tientsin, T'ien-ching
an industrial city in NE China, in Hebei province, on the Grand Canal, 51 km (32 miles) from the Yellow Sea: the third largest city in China; seat of Nankai University (1919). Pop.: 9 346 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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The board of Tianjin Rural Commercial Bank voted to appoint Xu Qinghong as chair.
Pursuant to the Electricity Supply Agreement, the Solar Power Generation Station would be put into operation after Tianjin Comtec has successfully obtained the relevant power generation license from the competent governmental authority.
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As part of the MOU, Navis and Tianjin Port Group will join forces to accelerate technology innovation within Tianjin Port as it moves towards automation.
Tianjin Port is a 300,000-ton artificial deep-water port centrally located at the intersection of the Beijing-Tianjin City Band and the Bohai-Rim Economic Circle, which connects Northeast, Central and Western Asia.
Two ships, container vessel GSL Tianjin and Bulk cargo carrier ST Cergue sailed out to sea on Thursday morning, while two more ships, MSC Heidi and SC Tianjin are expected to sail on same day.
Boasting about 1.2 million books across the sweeping circular architecture, the Tianjin Binhai Library features five floors and books can be found in every corner.
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The Negros-based booters had secured their Chinese visas only yesterday, forcing them to board a Monday flight that would have them arrive in Tianjin at 2:05 a.m.
He pointed out that cities in BiH can learn a lot about local development from Tianjin, especially in the areas of tourism and free trade zones, stated the Information Department of the BiH Council of Ministers.

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