Tiberias


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Tiberias

(tībēr`ēəs), town (1994 pop. 36,400), NE Israel, on the Sea of Galilee, 682 ft (208 m) below sea level. It is one of the four holy cities of Judaism and a trade center for agricultural settlements. A resort town, Tiberias has hotels, a hot springs spa, and a lake port. There are machine shops, fisheries, and textile factories.

Named for Emperor Tiberius, the town was built (c.A.D. 20) by Herod Antipas; there are ruins of the baths he built. After the destruction of Jerusalem, Tiberias became (2d cent.) a center of Jewish learning; the SanhedrinSanhedrin
, ancient Jewish legal and religious institution in Jerusalem that appears to have exercised the functions of a court between c.63 B.C. and c.A.D. 68. The accounts of it in the Mishna do not correspond to those in Josephus or in the New Testament.
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 convened in the town, and parts of the MishnaMishna
, in Judaism, codified collection of Oral Law—legal interpretations of portions of the biblical books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy and other legal material. Together with the Gemara, or Amoraic commentary on the Mishna, it comprises the Talmud.
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 and Jerusalem TalmudTalmud
[Aramaic from Heb.,=learning], in Judaism, vast compilation of the Oral Law with rabbinical elucidations, elaborations, and commentaries, in contradistinction to the Scriptures or Written Laws. The Talmud is the accepted authority for Orthodox Jews everywhere.
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 were edited there.

Tiberias was captured by the Arabs in 637, taken by the Crusaders in the 11th cent., recaptured by Saladin in 1187, and occupied by Egypt in 1247. It became part of the Ottoman EmpireOttoman Empire
, vast state founded in the late 13th cent. by Turkish tribes in Anatolia and ruled by the descendants of Osman I until its dissolution in 1918. Modern Turkey formed only part of the empire, but the terms "Turkey" and "Ottoman Empire" were often used
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 in the 16th cent. Rebuilt and fortified in the 18th cent. by Dahir al-Umar, the local Ottoman ruler, Tiberias resumed its position as a center of Jewish scholarship. In 1922 it became part of Palestine. MaimonidesMaimonides
or Moses ben Maimon
, 1135–1204, Jewish scholar, physician, and philosopher, the most influential Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages, b. Córdoba, Spain, d. Cairo.
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, the Jewish philosopher and physician, is buried in Tiberias. Arabic forms of the name are Tabariya and Tubariya.

Tiberias

1. a resort in N Israel, on the Sea of Galilee: an important Jewish centre after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans. Pop.: 40 100 (2003 est.)
2. Lake. another name for the (Sea of) Galilee
References in periodicals archive ?
The Israeli Walla website said that the wounded terrorist, 27 years old, was transported to Padeh Poriya medical center near Tiberias after sustaining shrapnel wounds, indicating that about 174 wounded terrorists who have been transported from Syria have been admitted in the medical center up till now.
Reports had also said in December that a terrorist who had been wounded in the military operations in Syria was admitted to the Israeli Poriya hospital in Tiberias in Israel.
He was extradited from the United States in 1981 over the murder of two Israelis in Tiberias in 1979, and sentenced to life in prison, but released in 1985 in a prisoner exchange.
We don't know how Jesus prepared fish for his disciples, but with every probability he did," Pagazzi writes; in fact, after the Resurrection, Jesus meets the disciples by the Sea of Tiberias.
Arab Israelis protesters hold up the Palestinian flag as they march for the right of return for Palestinian refugees who fled their homes or were expelled during the 1948 war, during a protest rally near Tiberias in northern Israel, on May 6, 2014
Tiberias becomes a place marked for its passion, family tragedy, and, most of all, its cooking.
Keren Azar, commander of the Tiberias draft office where most Christians come to sign up, as saying that most hopeful new recruits "want to be in combat units.
Peace will only come when our security and settlement interests get ensured," Netanyahu said in a conference hosted by the Negev and Galilee Development Ministry in the northern city of Tiberias.
The cities of Safed, Tiberias, Kiryat Shmona, Beit She'an and Eilat, unfortunately, are all built above the Syrian-African fault-line.
As a result of the high cost of transferring water, we are thinking of taking water from Tiberias to provide the northern governorates with water and exchange it with desalinated water in the south; i.
Lake Tiberias is the alternative name for which historic body of water?
As indicated in a previous article of this series, the 1949 Syrian-Israeli armistice agreement contained numerous clauses that were interpreted differently by Israel and Syria, leading to ambiguities over such issues as administrative rights within the demilitarised zone that had been created from areas evacuated by the Syrian army in 1949, fishing rights in Lake Tiberias, and access to the waters of the Jordan River.