Tiberias


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Tiberias

(tībēr`ēəs), town (1994 pop. 36,400), NE Israel, on the Sea of Galilee, 682 ft (208 m) below sea level. It is one of the four holy cities of Judaism and a trade center for agricultural settlements. A resort town, Tiberias has hotels, a hot springs spa, and a lake port. There are machine shops, fisheries, and textile factories.

Named for Emperor Tiberius, the town was built (c.A.D. 20) by Herod Antipas; there are ruins of the baths he built. After the destruction of Jerusalem, Tiberias became (2d cent.) a center of Jewish learning; the SanhedrinSanhedrin
, ancient Jewish legal and religious institution in Jerusalem that appears to have exercised the functions of a court between c.63 B.C. and c.A.D. 68. The accounts of it in the Mishna do not correspond to those in Josephus or in the New Testament.
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 convened in the town, and parts of the MishnaMishna
, in Judaism, codified collection of Oral Law—legal interpretations of portions of the biblical books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy and other legal material. Together with the Gemara, or Amoraic commentary on the Mishna, it comprises the Talmud.
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 and Jerusalem TalmudTalmud
[Aramaic from Heb.,=learning], in Judaism, vast compilation of the Oral Law with rabbinical elucidations, elaborations, and commentaries, in contradistinction to the Scriptures or Written Laws. The Talmud is the accepted authority for Orthodox Jews everywhere.
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 were edited there.

Tiberias was captured by the Arabs in 637, taken by the Crusaders in the 11th cent., recaptured by Saladin in 1187, and occupied by Egypt in 1247. It became part of the Ottoman EmpireOttoman Empire
, vast state founded in the late 13th cent. by Turkish tribes in Anatolia and ruled by the descendants of Osman I until its dissolution in 1918. Modern Turkey formed only part of the empire, but the terms "Turkey" and "Ottoman Empire" were often used
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 in the 16th cent. Rebuilt and fortified in the 18th cent. by Dahir al-Umar, the local Ottoman ruler, Tiberias resumed its position as a center of Jewish scholarship. In 1922 it became part of Palestine. MaimonidesMaimonides
or Moses ben Maimon
, 1135–1204, Jewish scholar, physician, and philosopher, the most influential Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages, b. Córdoba, Spain, d. Cairo.
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, the Jewish philosopher and physician, is buried in Tiberias. Arabic forms of the name are Tabariya and Tubariya.

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Tiberias

1. a resort in N Israel, on the Sea of Galilee: an important Jewish centre after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans. Pop.: 40 100 (2003 est.)
2. Lake. another name for the (Sea of) Galilee
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In entering such a plea, Ahmed Shukeiry, the Syrian delegate, scored a good point, for though the Security Council had not yet received a full report on last Sunday's battle near the shores of Lake Tiberias from General Edison, the UN Chief Superviser for Palestine, all countries represented in the Council; denounced the 3 Israeli aggression.
It's the first time Tiberias has been bombed and it has really shaken people up."
Spuntech, Upper Tiberias, Israel, has added a spunlaced production line at its new production facility in Kibbutz Shamir, Israel.
The novel opens with a description of the simple, peaceful lifestyle of Palestinian citizens in 1948 in Samakh, a typical Palestinian community located on the southern shore of Lake Tiberias. The omniscient narrator shows how the town's tranquillity is marred during the early months of 1948 by the Zionist threat, and by the clear prospect of war between Arabs and the Zionist forces.
The Syrians learned that the deal envisaged would give Israel total sovereignty over Lake Tiberias and total sovereignty over the Jordan River - i.e.
No part of the Jordan River flow has been used by the Kingdom since 1964, the year that Israel began to control the outflow of the river from Lake Tiberias.
His discussion of the ethnic makeup of the cities of Sepphoris and Tiberias also reveals his special view of the population of these cities (see pp.
The disciples have been fishing the Sea of Tiberias but have caught nothing.
Amman, July 22 (Petra) -- A 3.7 magnitude earthquake hit Lake Tiberias at around 9:41am on Sunday, the Jordan Seismological Observatory (JSO) announced.
AMMAN, July 4 (KUNA) -- Jordan Seismological Observatory (JSO) said that two earthquakes measuring 4.2 and 3.2 on the Richter scale were strongly felt in the city of Irbid, Tiberias lake and other northern parts of the country.
Israeli and American archaeologists have likely uncovered the lost Roman city of Julias near the banks of the lake, also known as Lake Tiberias, Mordechai Aviam of Kinneret Institute for Galilean Archeaology said.