Tiberias


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Tiberias

(tībēr`ēəs), town (1994 pop. 36,400), NE Israel, on the Sea of Galilee, 682 ft (208 m) below sea level. It is one of the four holy cities of Judaism and a trade center for agricultural settlements. A resort town, Tiberias has hotels, a hot springs spa, and a lake port. There are machine shops, fisheries, and textile factories.

Named for Emperor Tiberius, the town was built (c.A.D. 20) by Herod Antipas; there are ruins of the baths he built. After the destruction of Jerusalem, Tiberias became (2d cent.) a center of Jewish learning; the SanhedrinSanhedrin
, ancient Jewish legal and religious institution in Jerusalem that appears to have exercised the functions of a court between c.63 B.C. and c.A.D. 68. The accounts of it in the Mishna do not correspond to those in Josephus or in the New Testament.
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 convened in the town, and parts of the MishnaMishna
, in Judaism, codified collection of Oral Law—legal interpretations of portions of the biblical books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy and other legal material. Together with the Gemara, or Amoraic commentary on the Mishna, it comprises the Talmud.
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 and Jerusalem TalmudTalmud
[Aramaic from Heb.,=learning], in Judaism, vast compilation of the Oral Law with rabbinical elucidations, elaborations, and commentaries, in contradistinction to the Scriptures or Written Laws. The Talmud is the accepted authority for Orthodox Jews everywhere.
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 were edited there.

Tiberias was captured by the Arabs in 637, taken by the Crusaders in the 11th cent., recaptured by Saladin in 1187, and occupied by Egypt in 1247. It became part of the Ottoman EmpireOttoman Empire
, vast state founded in the late 13th cent. by Turkish tribes in Anatolia and ruled by the descendants of Osman I until its dissolution in 1918. Modern Turkey formed only part of the empire, but the terms "Turkey" and "Ottoman Empire" were often used
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 in the 16th cent. Rebuilt and fortified in the 18th cent. by Dahir al-Umar, the local Ottoman ruler, Tiberias resumed its position as a center of Jewish scholarship. In 1922 it became part of Palestine. MaimonidesMaimonides
or Moses ben Maimon
, 1135–1204, Jewish scholar, physician, and philosopher, the most influential Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages, b. Córdoba, Spain, d. Cairo.
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, the Jewish philosopher and physician, is buried in Tiberias. Arabic forms of the name are Tabariya and Tubariya.

Tiberias

1. a resort in N Israel, on the Sea of Galilee: an important Jewish centre after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans. Pop.: 40 100 (2003 est.)
2. Lake. another name for the (Sea of) Galilee
References in periodicals archive ?
The Prima Galil Hotel Tiberias have rooms starting from $115 per night (approximately PS72.
The Israeli Walla website said that the wounded terrorist, 27 years old, was transported to Padeh Poriya medical center near Tiberias after sustaining shrapnel wounds, indicating that about 174 wounded terrorists who have been transported from Syria have been admitted in the medical center up till now.
The Golan Heights is a hilly and elevated plateau overlooking the Lake of Tiberias, the Jordan River and Mount Hermon.
Hospitals allowed to receive the machines over the next three years include five government-owned medical centers Wolfson in Holon, Ziv in Tzfat, Hillel Jaffe in Hadera, Poriya in Tiberias and Bnei Zion in Haifa; Emek in Afula, owned by Clalit Health Services and three others to be decided in future.
Eventually our hero arrives to assist leper king, Baldwin IV, and Marshall Tiberias.
We don't know how Jesus prepared fish for his disciples, but with every probability he did," Pagazzi writes; in fact, after the Resurrection, Jesus meets the disciples by the Sea of Tiberias.
Arab Israelis protesters hold up the Palestinian flag as they march for the right of return for Palestinian refugees who fled their homes or were expelled during the 1948 war, during a protest rally near Tiberias in northern Israel, on May 6, 2014
Tiberias becomes a place marked for its passion, family tragedy, and, most of all, its cooking.
Keren Azar, commander of the Tiberias draft office where most Christians come to sign up, as saying that most hopeful new recruits "want to be in combat units.
Meanwhile, Lake Tiberias, the lower Jordan, the rich aquifers beneath the West Bank, and the Litani River all remained out of reach.
Peace will only come when our security and settlement interests get ensured," Netanyahu said in a conference hosted by the Negev and Galilee Development Ministry in the northern city of Tiberias.
The cities of Safed, Tiberias, Kiryat Shmona, Beit She'an and Eilat, unfortunately, are all built above the Syrian-African fault-line.