The end of each tie beam
was reinforced with either one or two cross bolts (Fig.
Because the performance of the roof system depends upon the structural integrity of the tie beam
joints, it is necessary to have rational estimates of their load capacities, information concerning their modes of failure, and knowledge of the factors that affect their behavior.
For this bridge, with its box section tension tie beam
fabricated from two flange and two web plates, the web and flange plates are connected by structural angles in each interior corner of the box through rows of stitch bolts.
The axial force acting on the ends of the tie beam
amounted to 806 pounds.
Vertical forces applied to the ridge rafter beam by the rafters are transferred to the front and back top plates and the tie beam
by the ridge beam support posts, or, king posts.
STEEL YIELDING SUPPORT REINFORCED WITH STRAND FLEXIBLE BOLTS BY MEANS OF TIE BEAMS
Construction is concrete block with formed and poured tie beams
The ring's basic module (or segment) consists of main beams spanning 7m (the width of the building), with tie beams
describes the pre-existing conditions: "The perimeter columns and tie beams
in the one-story print house structure, erected in 1946, had significantly deteriorated and had to be reinforced.
During the spring of 2006 new tie beams
, hand hewed by society members, were installed.
Collar tie beams
, salvaged from a dairy barn, and ceiling board paneling, salvaged from a church, both from Heritage Salvage (see above).
The tie beams
and knee braces were replaced with stronger components.