Tian Shan

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Tian Shan

or

Tien Shan

(both: tēĕn shän) [Chin.,=celestial mountains], mountain system of central Asia, extending c.1,500 mi (2,410 km) from the PamirPamir
or Pamirs,
mountainous region of central Asia, located mainly in Tajikistan and extending into NE Afghanistan and SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China; called the "roof of the world.
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 Mts., Tajikistan, NE through the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China, to the China-Mongolia border; Pobeda Peak (24,406 ft/7,439 m), on the Kyrgyzstan-China line, is the highest point. The E Tian Shan are relatively low parallel ranges that divide the Dzungaria and Tarim basins; the W Tian Shan separate into numerous complex branches. Some of the Alatau ranges are extensions of the Tian Shan. Because of the dry climate, the Tian Shan's snow line is generally above 11,000 ft (3,350 m). The Syr Darya, Chu, and Ili are the largest of many rivers that rise in the system. Issyk-Kol, W Tian Shan, is one of the world's largest mountain lakes. Coal, iron, lead, and zinc are mined in the region; grains are the predominant crop in the valleys. China and Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan are linked by several passes, notably the Terek Pass (alt. 12,730 ft/3,880 m) on the route connecting Kashi (Kashgar) and Samarkand.

Tian Shan

, Tien Shan
a great mountain system of central Asia, in Kyrgyzstan and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of W China, extending for about 2500 km (1500 miles). Highest peak: Pobeda Peak, 7439 m (24 406 ft.)
References in periodicals archive ?
What was clear from the opening minute was that England would not be allowed to come up for air in a stadium situated in the foothills of the Tien Shan mountains and almost 2,000 feet above sea level.
In places in the Tien Shan Mountains, caravans passed over narrow rock ledges.
Glaciers in Central Asia's Tien Shan Mountains shrunk by nearly 30% between 1955-90.
Research in Kazakhstan's northern Tien Shan Mountains by Dr Stephan Harrison (Oxford University) and scientists from Newcastle University, von Humboldt University and the Kazakh Academy of Sciences, has shown that the region's climate is warming and that its 416 glaciers lost a total of nearly two cubic kilometres of ice per year between 1955 and 2000.
With an output of over 16 t/y of gold, Kumtor is one of the world's largest individual gold mines, but its location, high in the Tien Shan mountains of eastern Kyrgyzstan, poses some unique challenges both to the operating company and to its suppliers.
That explains why the Tibetan plateau, Tien Shan Mountains, and Altai Mountains could form so far north of the collision point.
The Kumtor mine is located in the Tien Shan Mountains 350 km southeast of the Kyrgyz capital of Bishkek and accounts for about 12% of the country's GDP.
Director of Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union (NABU) in Kyrgyz Republic, Tolkunbek Asykulov said that Kyrgyzstan will move its steps on Ecotourism with the North Tien Shan Mountains Biodiversity Conservation proposal to be carried in 2013-2016.
The first round of closed-door talks started at around 0830 GMT under high security at the Rixos hotel in this Kazakh city under the shadow of the Tien Shan mountains, a Western official said, adding it was not clear how long the first session would last.
Mistakes, which multiplied as darkness descended on the snow-covered peaks of the Tien Shan mountains last night, will be put into a proper perspective.
Marketing manager Caroline Magnay trekked the Tien Shan mountains in Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, with World Expeditions, and tested the following: