Tierra Caliente


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tierra Caliente

 

the low-elevation forest zone in the mountains of Central and South America from 11° N lat. to 18° S lat. The tierra caliente has elevations reaching 800 m in Central America and 1,000–1,500 m in South America. It is characterized by a torrid, chiefly moist, climate, by evergreen forests, and by lateritic mountain soils. The topography is typified by steep slopes, extensive debris cones, and widening river valleys with terraces. Average monthly temperatures range from 22° to 27°C. There is precipitation year-round on windward slopes, totaling more than 2,000 mm annually (in western Colombia, more than 7,000 mm). In the Northern Andes and in Bolivia summer rainfall totals 1,000 mm or less. The precipitation rate on leeward slopes is 500 mm or less annually.

Slopes having precipitation year-round are covered with mountain tropical forest (palms, trees with colored wood, rubber trees, ceibos, balsas) and have red-yellow soils. Lianas and epiphytes are abundant. Leeward slopes marked by summer precipitation have mixed evergreen and deciduous forests, thin forests, and scrub vegetation; there are red-brown soils. Crops cultivated in the tierra caliente include cacao, bananas, and sugarcane; in arid regions coffee, tobacco, cotton, and coca are raised.

E. N. LUKASHOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Rodeo Tierra Caliente, which features bull riding, Latino music and Latino food, was held at the War Memorial Field in Yonkers on Sunday the 21st 2014.
government doesn't say from where within Mexico, The Associated Press has found that many are now arriving at the border from the ''Tierra Caliente,'' or Hot Country, about 250 miles west of Mexico City.
The bodies were found in the lawless neighbouring states of Michoacan and Guerrero, in the arid Tierra Caliente region, or Hot Land, where the government has struggled to rein in the violence.
The officers were in patrol cars when the gunmen attacked them on a road in the town of Apaxtla de Castrejon, which is located in a region known as "Tierra Caliente" ("Hot Land") that has been the scene of brutal gang turf wars.
A partir del indicador de migracion internacional por municipio en 1990, se distinguen nuevamente dos zonas con este tipo de fenomeno economicosocial, y son las ubicadas al suroeste (Tierra Caliente) y al noroeste de Michoacan.