poaching

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poaching:

see cookingcooking,
the process of using heat to prepare foods for consumption.

Many common cooking methods involve the use of oil. Frying is cooking in hot oil; sautéing is cooking in a small amount of oil; stir-frying
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Poaching

 

the taking of or destruction of game in violation of the rules of hunting, fishing, and other requirements of the law on the preservation of wildlife.

Soviet law defines poaching as (1) hunting and fishing by persons lacking a hunting ticket, license, or other permit of a governmental agency; (2) hunting and fishing during a prohibited period of the year, in a prohibited place, or with prohibited means (methods or instruments); (3) the shooting or catching of those species of animals and birds, as well as fish and other aquatic animals, which is completely prohibited by law; (4) exceeding the catch or bag limits of game, as well as taking them in quantities above that allowed in the license or other permit; and (5) the collection of eggs or down of useful birds, the destruction of nests, burrows, dens, and other violations of the rules for preserving wildlife.

Depending on the degree of danger to the public from violation of the rules for preserving wildlife, poaching is considered to be either an administrative misdemeanor or crime (see the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 163, 164, and 166). Besides being made administratively or criminally responsible in the event of the illegal taking or destruction of wildlife, the guilty person is obligated to repay the material loss he has caused. This repayment is based on the tariff value of the animal species established by the councils of ministers of the Union and autonomous republics and the oblast and krai executive committees of the soviets of working people’s deputies. The term “poaching” is not used in Soviet criminal law, and the punishment for poaching is set by the articles of the Criminal Code on illegal hunting and illegal engagement in fishing or other marine industries. The law codes of most foreign countries also stipulate administrative, criminal, and civil penalties for poaching.

O. S. KOLBASOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It's only half a million dollars at this point, but small grants that go out into the field have been instrumental in helping countries that were facing major tiger poaching.
The organisations noted that wild tiger population has declined by over 95 per cent in the last 100 years while this year alone, there has been an upsurge in tiger poaching in India with more tigers killed in the first five months of 2016 than that in the whole of 2015.
Jeff Hinton is making this epic journey to help to raise pounds 100,000 for The Rainbow Trust for sick children in the UK and for the World Wide Fund for Nature to stamp out tiger poaching in India.
The penalty for tiger poaching in India, where the bulk of the world's tigers survive, is only $140.