Tiglath-Pileser


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tiglath-Pileser

 

(Assyrian, Tukulti-apil-Esharra). In Assyria. Of greatest importance:

Tiglath-pileser I. Died circa 1076 B.C. King from about 1114 B.C. to about 1076 B.C.

Tiglath-pileser I conducted several victorious campaigns in Nairi (the region of Lakes Urmia and Van), Asia Minor, Syria, and Phoenicia and warred against Babylonia with intermittent success. He drove the nomadic Aramaean tribes that were threatening Assyria back beyond the Euphrates.

Tiglath-pileser III. Died 727 B.C. King from 745 B.C. to 727 B.C.

Tiglath-pileser III carried out reforms that did much to stabilize the domestic political situation. He broke up the larger provinces into smaller units and made the governors of the provinces subordinate to the central power. He created a standing army based on conscription and maintained at his expense.

Tiglath-pileser III resumed Assyria’s policy of military conquest. In the west, between 743 and 740, he defeated the Arpad coalition, which united the rulers of Syria, Phoenicia, and Asia Minor and was supported by Urartu. In a war fought between 734 and 732, he defeated an alliance formed by Damascus, Israel, Tyre, the Philistine cities, the Arabian principalities, and Edom. In 737 he secured western Media. In the north, he carried out two expeditions against Urartu, in 738 and 735. Twice, at the beginning and end of his reign, Tiglath-pileser III attacked Babylonia, where Chaldean leaders were attempting to take control. In 729 he became king of Babylonia under the name of Pulu, thereby merging Assyria and Babylonia in his person.

Most of the lands conquered by Tiglath-pileser III, became Assyrian provinces; some areas were made states dependent on Assyria. He followed a policy of mass resettlement of peoples from one conquered region to another or to Assyria.

S. S. SOLOVEVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Scholars have long speculated that the reference to Calneh in Isaiah's oracle against Assyria alludes to Tiglath-pileser's devastation of Kunulua - that is, Tayinat," he said.
"[N]o previous scholar has suggested the existence or the incorporation into Samuel of such inscriptions; and, no previous scholar has suggested that a simple rule, like that of the Tiglath-Pileser principle, could be applied to the text" (p.
153-54 as part of Appendix B), seven depend on or are substantiated by newly or relatively newly published texts (Kurba'il Statue of Shalmaneser III (1962), Tell Rimah stela of Adad-narari III (1968), Iran stela of Tiglath-pileser III (1972)), or newly edited texts.
Every hegemonic empire except Rome was the creation of individual geniuses, usually usurpers: Sargon of Akkad; Ur-Nammu, founder of the Ur III dynasty; Tiglath-Pileser III, the father of Assyrian hegemony; and Hammurabi, who made Babylon the capital of Mesopotamia for a millennium; not to mention Cyrus of Persia and Alexander of Macedon.
Although summaries of royal hunting exploits are not known from later Hittite texts (which is another curious parallel, given that no texts with descriptions of royal hunts similar to the "Shi fu" survive in the Chinese tradition), (68) they are very well attested in the corpus of Assyrian royal inscriptions, where they were common in the period between the reigns of Tiglath-pileser I (1114-1076 BCE) and Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE), after which the theme of the royal hunt disappeared from texts but continued in visual art.
His example was followed by Tiglath-pileser III and by Sennacherib, whose Lachish reliefs bear witness to the flaying and impaling of chosen victims (see note 14 above).
An early king, Tiglath-pileser I (1114-1076 BCE), imported a variety of trees and rare orchard fruits, numbers of which were likely planted in the king's garden at Nineveh (Grayson 1976: 17, no.
After Assyrian monarch Tiglath-Pileser III campaigned in and ultimately captured and exiled Israel, the Northern Kingdom (621 BCE), Judah, the Southern Kingdom, became a vassal state of the Assyrian Empire.
The Correspondence of Tiglath-pileser III and Sargon II from Calah/Nimrud.
Headed by three strong monarchs: Tiglath-pileser, Shalmaneser, and Sargon, the empire expanded, swallowing up minor kingdoms including the Kingdom of Israel.