Tiglath-Pileser


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Tiglath-Pileser

 

(Assyrian, Tukulti-apil-Esharra). In Assyria. Of greatest importance:

Tiglath-pileser I. Died circa 1076 B.C. King from about 1114 B.C. to about 1076 B.C.

Tiglath-pileser I conducted several victorious campaigns in Nairi (the region of Lakes Urmia and Van), Asia Minor, Syria, and Phoenicia and warred against Babylonia with intermittent success. He drove the nomadic Aramaean tribes that were threatening Assyria back beyond the Euphrates.

Tiglath-pileser III. Died 727 B.C. King from 745 B.C. to 727 B.C.

Tiglath-pileser III carried out reforms that did much to stabilize the domestic political situation. He broke up the larger provinces into smaller units and made the governors of the provinces subordinate to the central power. He created a standing army based on conscription and maintained at his expense.

Tiglath-pileser III resumed Assyria’s policy of military conquest. In the west, between 743 and 740, he defeated the Arpad coalition, which united the rulers of Syria, Phoenicia, and Asia Minor and was supported by Urartu. In a war fought between 734 and 732, he defeated an alliance formed by Damascus, Israel, Tyre, the Philistine cities, the Arabian principalities, and Edom. In 737 he secured western Media. In the north, he carried out two expeditions against Urartu, in 738 and 735. Twice, at the beginning and end of his reign, Tiglath-pileser III attacked Babylonia, where Chaldean leaders were attempting to take control. In 729 he became king of Babylonia under the name of Pulu, thereby merging Assyria and Babylonia in his person.

Most of the lands conquered by Tiglath-pileser III, became Assyrian provinces; some areas were made states dependent on Assyria. He followed a policy of mass resettlement of peoples from one conquered region to another or to Assyria.

S. S. SOLOVEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Tadmor, The Inscriptions of Tiglath-Pileser III King of Assyria, 287.
N]o previous scholar has suggested the existence or the incorporation into Samuel of such inscriptions; and, no previous scholar has suggested that a simple rule, like that of the Tiglath-Pileser principle, could be applied to the text" (p.
6205+82-3-23,131 (consisting of two joined fragments previously assigned separately to the reigns of Tiglath-pileser III and Sargon), which was published in its reunited form by N.
Chapter two presents the archaeological evidence for the campaigns of Tiglath-pileser III, Shalmaneser V, and Sargon II against the kingdom of Israel, whose capital city Samaria was ultimately captured in 722 B.
His example was followed by Tiglath-pileser III and by Sennacherib, whose Lachish reliefs bear witness to the flaying and impaling of chosen victims (see note 14 above).
The village was abandoned in the late eighth century, probably during the campaign of Tiglath-pileser III (Gal and Alexandre 2000: 178, 201).
After Assyrian monarch Tiglath-Pileser III campaigned in and ultimately captured and exiled Israel, the Northern Kingdom (621 BCE), Judah, the Southern Kingdom, became a vassal state of the Assyrian Empire.
campaign of Tiglath-Pileser III, who established the only known monument "on the border of Egypt.
Headed by three strong monarchs: Tiglath-pileser, Shalmaneser, and Sargon, the empire expanded, swallowing up minor kingdoms including the Kingdom of Israel.
The Royal Inscriptions of Tiglath-pileser III (744-727 BC) and Shalmaneser V (726-722 BC), Kings of Assyria.
Jeroboam II had the good fortune to reign before Tiglath-Pileser III, King of Assyria (747-727 BCE), whose program of expansion built a mighty empire which eventually swallowed the Northern Kingdom of Israel in 722 BCE.
The Correspondence of Tiglath-pileser III and Sargon II front CalahlNimrud.