region of the Arabian peninsula: see TihamahTihamah,
or Tehama
, narrow, extremely arid lowland region along the west coast of the Arabian peninsula, extending c.1,300 mi (2,090 km) from the Gulf of Aqaba S to the Bab el Mandeb straits.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a littoral desert plain in the southwestern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The Tihama extends more than 1,000 km along the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden through Saudi Arabia, the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR), and the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY). Its width varies from a few kilometers to 70–80 km. The sloping surface has occasional outliers of bedrock among loose deposits. Sandy and sandy-pebbly deserts predominate, intersected in places by the channels of wadis. Subterranean water is fairly abundant, and salt marshes are encountered.

The Tihama is one of the hottest and driest deserts on earth, with average temperatures of 24°C in January and 31°C in July and less than 100 mm of annual precipitation. It has sparse vegetation consisting of acacias, tamarisk, and halophytes, as well as occasional oases. The cities of Jidda in Saudi Arabia, Al-Hudaydah and Mocha in the YAR, and Aden in the PDRY are located in the Tihama.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rijal Almaa village is located in Tihama part of Asir.
In addition, it provided parks and hills with magnifying binoculars to view the wonderful views of Tihama and its beautiful valleys.
It specified the targets as the Abha airport in the Saudi region of Asir and the Tihama power plant, which is located Northeast of Abha.
Houthi-run Masirah TV reported earlier on Monday that the Iran-aligned movement had carried out drone attacks at the airport and the Tihama power station that led to a halting of Abha's airport air traffic.
HODEIDAH, Apr.13 (Saba) -- Distributed on Friday water tanks with modern irrigation systems and quantities of seeds to 600 farmers and farmers by S iry Development Foundation, General Authority for the Development of Tihama with the support of "FAO" in the province of Hodeidah.
At the summit, Al-Halaba Park provides a panoramic view of the Al-Halaba and Tihama valleys, while the entertainment zone offers different types of activities such as a swimming pool, tents for men and women, gardens, restaurants, playing areas suitable for children of all ages, and provides plenty of car parking facilities.
He emphasised the importance of relief agencies having offices in Aden and of the need to open five administrative and main relief centres in Aden, Sana'a, Mukalla, Tihama and Marib, in order to reduce the impact of Al Houthis' looting of humanitarian aid and ensure a fair distribution of relief assistance throughout the country.
Tribune News Network Doha AS part of projects to improve the roads network across the country, the Public Works Authority (Ashghal) has started the development works on Tihama and Al-Mansour streets in the Old Airport area (Area 45).
As part of a series of projects implemented by Ashghal to improve the roads network across the country, the authorities have started development works on Tihama Street and Al Mansour Street in the Old Airport (Area 45).
The Yemen war should end with a UN force to secure the key Hudaida port and Tihama region.
Al Tayyar Travel Group Holding, Dubai Financial Market, National Shipping Company of Saudi Arabia, Tihama Advertising and Public Relations and Marketing Holding and Insurance House are the new entrants to the list.