Tikal


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Tikal

(tēkäl`), ruined city of the Classic Period of the MayaMaya
, indigenous people of S Mexico and Central America, occupying an area comprising the Yucatán peninsula and much of the present state of Chiapas in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, parts of El Salvador, and extreme western Honduras.
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, N central Petén, Guatemala. The largest and possibly the oldest of the Maya cities, Tikal consists of nine groups of courts and plazas built on hilly land above surrounding swamps (which may have been lakes in former times) and interconnected by bridges and causeways. The main civic and religious center of the city covers about 500 acres (200 hectares). Temples and palaces rise above the plazas. The design of the buildings is for the most part monumental and static and utilizes harmonious combinations of solid masses. The tallest structure, a temple, is 229 ft (70 m) high. With a backdrop of lush tropical vegetation the abandoned city is an impressive sight.

Tikal

 

the conventional name of one of the largest city-states of the ancient Maya, in what is now Guatemala. Tikal existed from the sixth century B.C. to the ninth century A.D. Archaeological excavations of its ruins have been conducted by scholars of the USA and Guatemala since the early 20th century.

Discoveries at the Tikal site include hundreds of temples (the main temple reaching a height of 71 m) and palaces of the aristocracy, including one five-storey structure. Other finds include stelae with reliefs and inscriptions, altars, carved wooden lintels in the temples, and remarkable works of applied art. The most important monuments of Tikal have been partially restored.

REFERENCES

Kinzhalov, R. V. Kul’tura drevnikh maiia. Leningrad, 1971.
Coe, W. R. Tikal. Philadelphia [1967].
Tikal Reports, nos. 1–11. [Philadelphia] 1956–61. (Pennsylvania University; the University Museum.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Loten reports on investigations at the Tikal pre-Columbian Mayan ruins in Guatemala that archaeologists from the University of Pennsylvania have carried out.
It may be that Spearthrower Owl, who was responsible for the establishment of non-Maya rule over Tikal and other Maya city-states in AD 378, based his ascension on the passage of Halley's Comet in AD 374.
Altar de Sacrificios is exceptional in having a much larger component of black slipped pottery than the other complexes of the Cunil horizon: 24% versus 3-6% at Cahal Pech, Tikal, and Ceibal [4].
He saw the Mayan pyramids, "beautiful, lush and green" countryside and the ruins at Tikal.
Angeles, 74, was born and grew up in Barangay Tikay, which was named after a bird called "tikal." During the Spanish colonial era, a Spaniard asked a resident its name which the Spaniard mispronounced as "Tikay."
The proposal: Hugo was born in Guatemala and took me over to meet his family and then proposed in Tikal. Honeymoon: Thailand.
Present at the ceremony were, on behalf of Capital Club, vice-chairman Jamal Fakhro, Ensh Group Hospitality Division chief operating officer Sandra Tikal and membership director Ziad Kehdy.
Archaeologists named the city Chactun, which means "Red Rock" or "Large Rock." Chactun is one of the largest Maya cities to have been discovered, but was said to be slightly less populated when compared with the large ancient Maya city of Tikal in Guatemala.
Capital Club executives including Emma Cullen, general manager of Capital Club Dubai; Shahnaz Pakravan, general manger of Capital Club Bahrain; and Andrew Christon, general manager of the soon-to-be-operational Capital Club East Africa, met with Sandra Tikal, chief executive of Signature Club International, the parent company of the Capital Club, earlier this week to discuss ways of expanding the organisation's social reach.
The impromptu party for male cub Tikal and his sister Maderas was part of the zoo's enrichment programme, designed to stimulate the animals, keep them active and allow them to show their natural behaviours.