Tikal


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Tikal

(tēkäl`), ruined city of the Classic Period of the MayaMaya
, indigenous people of S Mexico and Central America, occupying an area comprising the Yucatán peninsula and much of the present state of Chiapas in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, parts of El Salvador, and extreme western Honduras.
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, N central Petén, Guatemala. The largest and possibly the oldest of the Maya cities, Tikal consists of nine groups of courts and plazas built on hilly land above surrounding swamps (which may have been lakes in former times) and interconnected by bridges and causeways. The main civic and religious center of the city covers about 500 acres (200 hectares). Temples and palaces rise above the plazas. The design of the buildings is for the most part monumental and static and utilizes harmonious combinations of solid masses. The tallest structure, a temple, is 229 ft (70 m) high. With a backdrop of lush tropical vegetation the abandoned city is an impressive sight.

Tikal

 

the conventional name of one of the largest city-states of the ancient Maya, in what is now Guatemala. Tikal existed from the sixth century B.C. to the ninth century A.D. Archaeological excavations of its ruins have been conducted by scholars of the USA and Guatemala since the early 20th century.

Discoveries at the Tikal site include hundreds of temples (the main temple reaching a height of 71 m) and palaces of the aristocracy, including one five-storey structure. Other finds include stelae with reliefs and inscriptions, altars, carved wooden lintels in the temples, and remarkable works of applied art. The most important monuments of Tikal have been partially restored.

REFERENCES

Kinzhalov, R. V. Kul’tura drevnikh maiia. Leningrad, 1971.
Coe, W. R. Tikal. Philadelphia [1967].
Tikal Reports, nos. 1–11. [Philadelphia] 1956–61. (Pennsylvania University; the University Museum.)
References in periodicals archive ?
It may be that Spearthrower Owl, who was responsible for the establishment of non-Maya rule over Tikal and other Maya city-states in AD 378, based his ascension on the passage of Halley's Comet in AD 374.
Part of the club's empowerment goals, Tikal said, is to care for their own people as per the adage charity begins at home.
Kennett, professor of environmental archaeology at Pennsylvania State University, turned to an elaborately carved wooden beam from a temple in the ancient Maya city of Tikal.
Way employs and repeatedly returns to the image of "the Mayan in the mall," illustrated by Zone Seven's Grand Tikal Futura, a luxurious mall and hotel that-without irony--is architecturally structured to recall the pre-Columbian Mayan pyramids of Tikal located in Guatemala's Peten Basin.
In Guatemala, Mayans in traditional costume gathered at the ancient site of Tikal to mark the last day.
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Once at the heart of a conquering civilization in its own right, the ancient city of Tikal is now a pilgrimage site for both hard-core Star Wars fans and enthusiasts of Maya culture eager to discover what exactly the modern interpretations of old lore portend.
Tikal ruins in Guatemala showcase the grandeur of Mayan civilization A maze of temples, pyramids and statues draw travelers to Tikal, a massive archaeological site in Guatemala that spans 220 square miles, this feature says.
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Here are chapter stories about Kuy, a Mayan sacred ball player of Tikal around 720 AD.