Tikal

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Tikal

(tēkäl`), ruined city of the Classic Period of the MayaMaya
, indigenous people of S Mexico and Central America, occupying an area comprising the Yucatán peninsula and much of the present state of Chiapas in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, parts of El Salvador, and extreme western Honduras.
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, N central Petén, Guatemala. The largest and possibly the oldest of the Maya cities, Tikal consists of nine groups of courts and plazas built on hilly land above surrounding swamps (which may have been lakes in former times) and interconnected by bridges and causeways. The main civic and religious center of the city covers about 500 acres (200 hectares). Temples and palaces rise above the plazas. The design of the buildings is for the most part monumental and static and utilizes harmonious combinations of solid masses. The tallest structure, a temple, is 229 ft (70 m) high. With a backdrop of lush tropical vegetation the abandoned city is an impressive sight.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tikal

 

the conventional name of one of the largest city-states of the ancient Maya, in what is now Guatemala. Tikal existed from the sixth century B.C. to the ninth century A.D. Archaeological excavations of its ruins have been conducted by scholars of the USA and Guatemala since the early 20th century.

Discoveries at the Tikal site include hundreds of temples (the main temple reaching a height of 71 m) and palaces of the aristocracy, including one five-storey structure. Other finds include stelae with reliefs and inscriptions, altars, carved wooden lintels in the temples, and remarkable works of applied art. The most important monuments of Tikal have been partially restored.

REFERENCES

Kinzhalov, R. V. Kul’tura drevnikh maiia. Leningrad, 1971.
Coe, W. R. Tikal. Philadelphia [1967].
Tikal Reports, nos. 1–11. [Philadelphia] 1956–61. (Pennsylvania University; the University Museum.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fialko, "Un reencuentro con Mundo Perdido, Tikal, Guatemala," Ancient Mesoamerica, vol.
Sites mapped include Australian convict sites in Tasmania, Stonehenge in Great Britain, L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site in Newfoundland, and Tikal, Guatemala. There appears to be no definition of the criteria for inclusion, or exclusion, of these sites of cultural significance, or whether map scale is a factor in inclusion.
Mary Miller of Yale University wrote of the murals that, "perhaps no single artifact from the ancient New World offers as complex a view of pre-Hispanic society." Soaring pyramids at Tikal, Guatemala, were erected as memorials to past rulers of this Maya dynasty.
amplicostatus, were represented in Aztec icons of liturgical scenes (Kubler (5)), and they have been found as Aztec tributes in the Templo Mayor in Mexico City (Jimenez Badillo, 1991), and as Mayan tributes in Tikal, Guatemala (Laporte (6)) (Borhegyi, 1966).
Additions and alterations; a commentary on the architecture of the north acropolis, Tikal, Guatemala. (CD-ROM included)
"We got a little scared because the towns are so far apart from each other that attracting enough customers would be almost impossible." He says that a highway from Tikal, Guatemala, through Villahermosa, capital of Mexico's Tabasco state, would be ideal for all companies.