Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city under oblast jurisdiction and the administrative center of Tikhvin Raion, Leningrad Oblast, RSFSR. Located on the Tikhvinka River, in the basin of Lake Ladoga, 200 km east of Leningrad. A railroad and highway junction. Population, 48,300 (1975).

Beginning in 1383, Tikhvin was known as Predtechenskii pogost, which was part of the Obonezhskaia piatina of the Novgorod feudal republic. From 1560 to 1764, it was a vassalage of the Tikhvinskii Bogoroditskii Bol’shoi Monastery. It was named Tikhvin in 1724. In 1773, it was made the administrative center of a district in the Novgorod namestnichestvo, which became Novgorod Province in 1796. Soviet power was established in Tikhvin at the end of 1917. Tikhvin became the administrative center of a district in Cherepovets Province in 1918 and the administrative center of a raion in Leningrad Oblast in 1927. From Nov. 8 to Dec. 9, 1941, the city was occupied by fascist German troops. The Tikhvin area was the site of fierce battles during the Tikhvin Defensive Operation of 1941 and the Tikhvin Offensive Operation of 1941.

Tikhvin has metallurgical, welded-structural-component, and tractor plants of the Kirovskii Zavod Production Association. Other industries include wood processing, timber chemistry, and the construction of prefabricated housing. Educational institutions include a secondary specialized polytechnic, a foundry and mechanical-engineering technicum, a medical school, and a branch of a polytechnic institute. The house-museum of the composer N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov is in Tikhvin. On Oct. 24, 1974, Tikhvin was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War First Class.


Krupeichenko, I. P., and N. K. Baliasov. Tikhvin prezhde i teper’. Leningrad, 1970.
Krasnov, N. V. Tikhvin. Leningrad, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Key customers in the industry are SUEK, MMK, Ammonium, Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant and ABI Product.
(33) (1) A contract between Nastas'ia Svishcheva and her husband, stating her illness (1638), in Kosheleva, "'Ne khodia k pravil'nomu sudu ...,'" 334; (2-3) Melaniia, a town dweller's wife from Tikhvin, declares her desire to enter a convent because of her illness (1675); and Paraskov'ia, a peasants wife from the Ladoga region declares herself ill, incapable of living with her husband, and willing to enter a convent (1697), both in Akty iuridicheskie, ili sobranie form starinnogo dekproizvodstva (St.
The film tells the history of the Tikhvin Icon of the Mother of God and runs for 85 minutes.
The Council also discussed changes in the financing terms of the investment project to construct the railcar building plant in Tikhvin, Leningrad Region.
As unveiled at the start of August, Mechel had agreed to divest its Voskhod mining plant in Khromtau, Kazakhstan and its Tikhvin ferroalloy facility in Russia's Leningrad region to the Turkish group.
Target: Voskhod Mining Plant, Tikhvin Ferroalloy Plant
(except Mechel Service OOO (Russia)), Voskhod-Chrome LLP (Kazakhstan), Voskhod-Oriel LLP (Kazakhstan), Tikhvin Ferroalloy Plant OOO (Russia), Southern Urals Nickel Plant OAO (Russia), Kuzbass Power Sales Company OAO (Russia), Toplofikatsia Rousse EAD (Bulgaria).
Mechel's board of directors met on 21 Sep and unanimously approved the divestment of the assets comprising its Eastern European Steel Division (plants in Romania), the Donetsk Electrometallurgical Plant (Ukraine), Invicta Merchant Bar (UK), Mechel Nemunas (Lithuania), Voskhod-Chrome (Kazakhstan), Voskhod-Oriel (Kazakhstan), Tikhvin Ferroalloy Plant (Russia), Southern Urals Nickel Plant (Russia), Kuzbass Power Sales Company (Russia), and Toplifikatsia Rousse (Bulgaria).
In 2009, a remarkable 16th-century Russian icon of the type known as the Tikhvin Mother-of-God was generously donated to the ROM.
Currently, the businessman is also a chairman of Russian railcar producer Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant.