Tilia


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Related to Tilia: Tilia tomentosa, Tilia cordata
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tilia

 

(linden), a genus of deciduous trees of the family Tilia-ceae. The trees are 15–25 m high (sometimes 40 m) and have a diameter of 2 m (sometimes 5 m). The bark is grayish brown and often cracks on older trees. The leaves are alternate, round or broadly ovate, sinuate or truncate at the base, and dentate (less often, smooth-edged; sometimes lobed; and in garden forms, pinnately cleft). The inflorescence is a cyme, and an oblong ligulate bract is attached to the peduncle. The regular flowers have five sepals and five white or yellow-white petals; sometimes there are infertile petaloid stamens, or staminodes. There are numerous stamens, and the ovary is superior with three to five cells. The nutlike fruit has one to three seeds and is smooth, tuberculate, or ribbed. Sometimes these trees, particularly the European linden (Tilia europea), live 500–1,000 years.

There are approximately 50 species of Tilia in the northern hemisphere. Seventeen species are found in the USSR, the most common being littleleaf linden (T. cordata), European linden, T. caucasica (in the Caucasus), and T. amurensis (in the Far East). Lindens can tolerate shade and are resistant to wind and smoke. They are propagated by seeds and readily produce new shoots from the stump. They yield large quantities of nectar. Lindens are widely cultivated in parks. Their soft and easily worked wood is used for production of furniture, tubs, veneers, and musical instruments. The phloem is used in the production of bast, and the bark of young trees is used for making baskets, footwear, and twine. A tincture of the dried white inflorescences and the bracts is taken internally as a diaphoretic; it is also used as a gargle. Linden flowers are used in diaphoretic tea.

I. V. VASIL’EV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The multivariate analysis of variance of the results of the study revealed that the complex of growing conditions (the level of significance of P < [10.sup.-5]), the period of vegetation (P < [10.sup.- 5]), the exposure of leaves arrangement (P < [10.sup.-5]) and the interaction of these factors (P = 3.98 [10.sup.-5]) influenced significantly the content of chlorophylls a and b, carotinoids in Tilia cordata leaves.
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Three kinds of monofloral honey, lime (Tilia cordata), caraway (Carum carvi), and orchard, were identified in the samples from the Armona Geological Reserve.
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assereau est un passer-moineau, un petit oiseau d l'ordre de ceux qu passent et qul traversent, fuseles la vie assereau est ephemere, il est pllasse-fleur, passiflore, passionne comnie l'anemone qui vibre en plein vent d'et poumons sont d'oiseau ephemere, les bronchioles se ramifient dans le tissu pumonaire, le traversent et se pro assereau passe le souffle dans le syrinx de son chant comme message d'un ciel si proche et comme essor de tilia, matiere volatile evaporee dans la fibre de, il vole dans l'obscurite de la nuit comme dans la clarte de dans les ailes et les air jusqu'a trouver juste d'um anniversaire de feuilles tne tout autour de la table des morts et, funeraire, s'incruste dans le vitrail.
Methods: Mistletoes (Viscum album L.) were harvested from different host tree species (Abies sp., Crataegus sp., Malus sp., Pinus sp., Populus sp., Quercus sp., Salix sp., Tilia sp.) each at summer and winter time.