Timocracy

(redirected from Timarchy)
Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to Timarchy: timocracy
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Timocracy

 

as defined by classical authors, a form of government in which power rests in the hands of a privileged few who possess great property qualifications. Timocracy, therefore, is a variant of oligarchy. The term “timocracy” appears in Plato’s Republic (VIII, 545) and Aristotle’s Ethics (VIII and XII). Xenophon identifies timocracy with plutocracy. Examples of timocratic governments were the state systems established in Athens in the sixth century B.C., after the reforms of Solon, and in Rome after the reforms attributed to Servius Tullius.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.