an enterprise of the timber industry intended for the transfer of timber from water to land transport, primarily broad-gauge railroads. At most timber transshipping stations, lifting and transport operations are accompanied by operations typical of lower woodyards—bark is stripped, long assorted pieces are crosscut into short ones (for mine props and pulpwood), and round timber is processed.
If logs are rafted to the timber transshipping station, the rafts are broken up and the bundles of logs are moved to a floating pen. When the timber is unloaded by cranes or winches, the bundles of logs are divided into smaller piles in the pen. But when it is unloaded by longitudinal conveyors and elevators, the bundles of logs are separated completely. Longitudinal conveyors are also used to sort round timber. If timber is shipped by barges and boats, it is unloaded by cranes. If no sorting is required, the piles are either immediately reloaded onto broad-gauge rolling stock or stored.
Timber transshipping stations function year-round. When rivers are navigable, some of the arriving timber is processed and some is shipped out in round form, but most is sorted and placed in reserve stacks. In winter timber from these stacks is shipped to consumers and supplied to woodworking shops for processing. More than 30 million cu m of timber is handled at the timber transshipping stations of the USSR every year.
D. K. VOEVODA