timbre

(redirected from Timbral)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to Timbral: timbrel

timbre

Music tone colour or quality of sound, esp a specific type of tone colour

Timbre

 

the quality of sound (its “color”) that makes it possible to distinguish between sounds of the same pitch when made on different instruments or by different voices.

Timbre is associated with the complex nature of sound vibrations and depends on such factors as the overtones or partial tones that accompany the fundamental tone and the regions of the sound spectrum in which they are particularly intense. These factors are determined by the material and shape of the body emitting the sound, the resonators that help form the sound, and the means of producing the sound. The times of sound production and decay also have a large effect on timbre.

In speech, timbre makes it possible to distinguish between vowels and other sonorants; here, the first and second formants play the main role. Speech sounds of the same timbre may be of any pitch and intensity. At the same time, the relationship between the frequency of the fundamental tone and the formants and overtones determines the individual characteristics of a given person’s speech; here, the third and higher formants play the leading role. In intonation in running speech, timbre makes it possible to distinguish between shades of emotion, such as joy, displeasure, and hostility.

timbre

[′tam·bər]
(acoustics)
That attribute of auditory sensation in terms of which a listener can judge that two sounds similarly presented and having the same loudness and pitch are dissimilar. Also known as musical quality; quality of sound.

timbre

A quality of sound that distinguishes one voice or musical instrument from another. For example, MIDI synthesizers are multi-timbral, meaning that they can play multiple instruments simultaneously.
References in periodicals archive ?
This notion of the electronic spectra as harmonizing specific pitches with what might be called inharmonic chords suggests conceiving of these sounds as prolongations, in the traditional sense, of the Generating Dyads via timbral sequences.
In M11 1 (see Example 10), where the grouping makes it possible to put together units of a certain length, he takes advantage of the speed of succession of the events delivered by the first rhythmic inse rt to produce, thanks to a certain fusion of the components, the illusion of timbral transformations within the same complex (a perspective which prolongs the complexes which were the first ones realized and came to be integrated into this final part).
(iii) modulation of the excitation length (timbral modulation)
When harmonics drop below F1 there is some degree of timbral opening, the more harmonics below F1, the more open the timbre.
Timbral variety, created through changing vocalization types and stroke types, was also observed.
As an example, they pass, with flying colors, the very difficult job of being able to accurately reproduce the (timbral and tonal differences) between the viola and the violin.
On the one hand, as already mentioned, some gestures were conceived in timbral or coloristic terms.
SINCE THE PUBLICATION of the first composition for soprano and marimba in 1976, there has been increasing interest among composers, as well as percussionists and singers, in compositions for this timbral combination.
The frontline combination of Laubrock's tenor or soprano with the cello offers particularly satisfying timbral delights.
Canteloube/Chants d'Auvergne/Auger (Virgin 90714): Lighter timbral balance than the reference.
These include: the retention of melodic tones in the formation of sonorities, careful spacing of members of these sonorities within the registral spectrum, and minute timbral changes through subtle instrumental assignment.
He uses a broad timbral palette for his compositions, ranging from a chamber orchestra to solo works.