timbre

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timbre

Music tone colour or quality of sound, esp a specific type of tone colour

Timbre

 

the quality of sound (its “color”) that makes it possible to distinguish between sounds of the same pitch when made on different instruments or by different voices.

Timbre is associated with the complex nature of sound vibrations and depends on such factors as the overtones or partial tones that accompany the fundamental tone and the regions of the sound spectrum in which they are particularly intense. These factors are determined by the material and shape of the body emitting the sound, the resonators that help form the sound, and the means of producing the sound. The times of sound production and decay also have a large effect on timbre.

In speech, timbre makes it possible to distinguish between vowels and other sonorants; here, the first and second formants play the main role. Speech sounds of the same timbre may be of any pitch and intensity. At the same time, the relationship between the frequency of the fundamental tone and the formants and overtones determines the individual characteristics of a given person’s speech; here, the third and higher formants play the leading role. In intonation in running speech, timbre makes it possible to distinguish between shades of emotion, such as joy, displeasure, and hostility.

timbre

[′tam·bər]
(acoustics)
That attribute of auditory sensation in terms of which a listener can judge that two sounds similarly presented and having the same loudness and pitch are dissimilar. Also known as musical quality; quality of sound.

timbre

A quality of sound that distinguishes one voice or musical instrument from another. For example, MIDI synthesizers are multi-timbral, meaning that they can play multiple instruments simultaneously.
References in periodicals archive ?
Someone said that the best tribute that an author can have is that his works are read: my most fervent wish is that this new edition of Suenan Timbres, be read massively.
The two series of opposed timbres follow a course parallel to that of the emotions.
Junto a estas plantillas, se elaboro un cuestionario general para cada alumno participante, donde podria aportar datos acerca de su experiencia previa relacionada con los dictados musicales, incluyendo una informacion relativa a los timbres utilizados con mayor frecuencia en el aula a la hora de realizar dictados a una y dos voces (ver anexo 2).
Martienssen combats Tetzel's theses, opposing to the point of view of acoustics, the point of view of psychology; although physics refutes the idea that the piano might get a variety of timbres at one and the same sound intensity, however, the pianist, aiming by means of "his creative hearing" at a particular timbre, must play as if this were possible (Pitis & Minei 1982: 15).
La Poste a aussi emis un timbre commemoratif a l'occasion des celebrations des enfants arabes de "La legion de la paternite arabe" qui caracterise toutes les positions et les attitudes du roi d'Arabie saoudite, Abdallah Ben Abdel Aziz.
Ce dernier, identifie et faisant l'objet d'une note de recherche de la part des services de police de la ville de Taroudant pour faux et usage de faux, est activement recherche ainsi qu'un acquereur de faux timbres de quittances d'une valeur de 500 dirhams, alimente par le mis en cause.
Despite the fact that there is not yet a solid and universal definition of timbre (Sethares, 1997; O'Callaghan, 2007), this issue must be addressed, for one of the goals of the project involves the extension of the sound of a musical instrument.
Esta etapa de evangelizacion no termina para el mayorista, pues ha sido complicado llevar el mensaje, ya que no entendian porque tenian que vender timbres, no lo veian como una oportunidad porque no era de su giro.
El timbre, junto con la duracion y la altura, es una de las tres dimensiones fundamentales usadas para caracterizar un sonido (Copland, 2002).
De plus, dans les vingt dernieres annees, la Grande Bretagne a produit un nombre important de donnees archeologiques, notamment les vestiges d'amphores, ainsi que les timbres et des inscriptions peintes (20).
Tambien el Servicio Postal salio ganando, pues nunca una emision de timbres mexicanos habia causado tanta demanda entre los filatelistas, que en menos de 2 semanas compraron las 750,000 estampillas puestas a la venta el 28 de junio (a razon de 10 pesos cada una).
For those of us organists who do play this piece, it's endlessly fascinating to see the way Elgar manages and uses the various timbres of the orchestra, just as he might have mixed diapasons, organ strings, flutes, mixtures and reeds.