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(1) See transparent LAN service.

(2) (Transport Layer Security) A security protocol from the IETF that is used to create an encrypted connection between the user's browser and a Web server. TLS also uses digital certificates to authenticate the server. For certain transactions, the client can be authenticated as well, but this is not necessary with normal browser interaction as public websites accept all visitors.

TLS is based on and supersedes Secure Sockets Layer 3.0 (SSL 3.0). Using stronger encryption algorithms than SSL, which has since been deprecated, TLS and SSL are not interoperable.

HTTPS Protocol and Port Number 465
A TLS session starts by sending a request to the Web server with an HTTPS prefix in the URL, which inserts TLS port number 465 into the packets. See well-known port and HTTPS.

The TLS client uses the public key to encrypt a random number and send it back to the server. The random number, combined with additional random numbers previously sent to each other, is used to generate a secret session key to encrypt the subsequent message exchange. See HMAC, digital certificate and EAP.

The Handshake
These steps take place to negotiate a TSL (or SSL) session before any user data are transmitted. The algorithm mentioned is the encryption method. In steps 5 and 6, the checksums ensure that the message was not tampered with (see MAC).
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References in periodicals archive ?
"Books for Shelterers." Times Literary Supplement 25 Jan.
The nominees were announced by chairman of the judging panel Sir Peter Stothard, editor of The Times Literary Supplement. The winner will be announced on October 16 at a ceremony in London's Guildhall.
He began his journalistic career in Britain in the 70s and wrote for publications including The Times Literary Supplement, the Daily Express, the London Evening Standard, Newsday and The Atlantic.
Although "The Rediscovery of India" by Meghnad Desai (Bloomsbury) and "India: A Portrait" by Patrick French (Allen Lane) have just been released, I prefer the not-so-recent but brilliant "Temptations of the West" written by Pankaj Mishra, who is the author of "Butter Chicken in Ludbiana: Travels in Small Town India." Mishra also writes for several publications, including The New York Review of Books, The Times Literary Supplement and The Guardian.
Her work has appeared in many other publications, including the Guardian, the London Review of Books, the Times Literary Supplement and Grand Street.
Through his many books, voluminous literary criticism, and book review articles published in the New Yorker, the Times Literary Supplement, and the Guardian, Steiner has played a major role in introducing the works of prominent continental writers and thinkers to readers in North America and Great Britain.
Haven, contributor to Times Literary Supplement, the Washington Post, and the Los Angeles Times, presents a collection of reminiscences by those who knew the great poet and Nobel laureate, including his students, and other poets.
Leitz and Milo Shepard, was accorded front-page reviews in both The New York Times and The [London] Times Literary Supplement. In 1990 the Authorized Macmillan Edition of London's Short Stories, also co-edited with Leitz and Shepard, was featured by the Book-of-the-Month Club.
He edited London's Times Literary Supplement in the 1970s before moving stateside and working as an editor and critic at the other Times; he also contributed frequently (and frequently on Jewish topics) to the New York Review of Books.
Review of Books, Times Literary Supplement, Observer, Spectator, Granta,
"'The Genuine Text': A Letter to the Editor." Times Literary Supplement 1736 (9 May 1935).