Timgad


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Timgad

(tĭm`găd), ancient Thamugadi, ruined city, Algeria, S of Constantine. It is sometimes called the Pompeii of North Africa because of the extensive remains of the Roman city founded here by TrajanTrajan
(Marcus Ulpius Trajanus) , c.A.D. 53–A.D. 117, Roman emperor (A.D. 98–A.D. 117). Born in Spain, he was the first non-Italian to become head of the empire. Trajan served in the East, in Germany, and in Spain. He was adopted in A.D.
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 in A.D. 100. This city was destroyed by Berbers in the 7th cent. and was unknown until excavations were begun in 1881. Its Roman ruins, which include a triumphal arch, public baths, a theater, a library, and a forum, are the best preserved and most extensive in Africa.

Timgad

 

(ancient name, Thamugadi; known to the Romans as Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugas), an ancient city in northern Africa, situated 25 km from the modern city of Batna in Algeria. The city was founded circa A.D. 100 during the reign of the emperor Trajan and flourished mainly during the second and third centuries. After being destroyed by the Berbers in the fifth century, it was rebuilt by the Byzantines and was ultimately destroyed by the Arabs in the seventh century.

Originally almost square in shape (approximately 360 × 330 m), Timgad had a strictly regular grid-type layout. Its ruins, which were covered by drifting sand, are well preserved. They include remains of a forum, a capítol, and a triumphal arch built in honor of Trajan (restored 1900), as well as remains of a theater, a basilica, thermae, and dwellings. Byzantine structures include a square citadel with eight towers and ruins of Christian churches. Many Roman inscriptions, as well as mosaics, sculptures, and bronze ornaments, were found in Timgad’s ruins.

REFERENCE

Courtois, C. Timgad, antique Thamugadi. Algiers, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
Il a ensuite gere une cooperative de dattes et l'hotel de Timgad.
Il a anime trois recitals : Timgad (Batna), Casif de Sidi Fredj et le theatre de plein air Hasni-Chakroun (Oran).
8200;Que dire alors si ce n'est que ces soirees n'ont rien a envier aux Festivals de Timgad et Djemila [beaucoup plus grand que], nous dira un membre du staff de l'ONCI.
Ahmed Salhi, fils de Timgad, president de son APC et animateur du Festival de Timgad durant les annees 1980, se souvient des premiers balbutiements.
La cinquieme soiree de cette 38e edition du Festival international de Timgad fut animee par une troupe chinoise, aux cotes des artistes algeriens, Cheba Djamila, Djazouli, Cheb Zinou et Yahia El Khencheli.
beaucoup moins que] La longevite du Festival international de Timgad reflete le succes de cet evenement [beaucoup plus grand que], a indique, dans la nuit de mardi a hier, le ministre de la Culture, Azzedine Mihoubi, a l'ouverture de la 38e edition de ce festival.
La nouveaute de l'edition prevue du 12 au 19 juillet prochain au nouveau theatre de Timgad est la programmation d'artistes etrangers et des tetes d'affiche qui s'y produiront au theatre de verdure d'Oran, au Zenith de Constantine et au Casif de Sidi Fredj.
En dehors de l'animation des fetes de mariage, Cheb Wahid se produira le 23 juillet prochain a Lyon et le 28 il chantera a la cloture du festival de Djemila (Setif), et a Timgad.
Il est prevu l'achevement d'un hotel 4 etoiles (117 chambres et des suites) situe a proximite de l'entree du site archeologique de la ville romaine de Timgad (35 km a l'est de Batna), ainsi que d'autres installations.
J'ai chante au theatre plein air de Sidi Fredj, Timgad (Batna) et a Constantine.
Il se decline en sites archeologiques antiques dont certains, comme Timgad, Tipasa ou Djemila ou [beaucoup moins que] le musee a ciel ouvert [beaucoup plus grand que] qu'est le Tassili, sont classes au patrimoine de l'humanite.
Cependant, nous constatons que peu de personnes visitent les musees, les sites archeologiques alors que l'Algerie possede 7 sites classes au patrimoine mondial, notamment Tlemcen, Tipasa, Djemila, Timgad, le Tassili [beaucoup plus grand que], a-t-il affirme.