Tippoo Sahib

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Tippoo Sahib


Tipu Sahib

(both: tĭp`o͞o sä`hĭb), 1749–99, Indian ruler, sultan of Mysore (1782–99); son and successor of Haidar AliHaidar Ali
or Hyder Ali
, 1722–82, Indian ruler. A Muslim of peasant stock, he rose by military brilliance to command the army of the Hindu state of Mysore.
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. He fought in his father's campaigns against the Marathas and the British but, after his succession, made peace with the British in 1784. His invasion (1789) of Travancore, a state under British protection, provoked war anew, and in 1792 he was defeated by a force under Lord Cornwallis composed of British, Maratha, and Hyderabad troops. He was forced to cede territory. In 1798, Tippoo formed a vague alliance with the French, which gave the British governor-general Lord Wellesley a pretext to invade Mysore in alliance with the nizam of Hyderabad. Tippoo was killed (May, 1799) defending his capital at ShrirangapattanaShrirangapattana
, formerly Srirangapatna
, town (1991 pop. 21,905), Karnataka state, S India, on an island in the Kaveri River. There are Hindu monuments, some built in the 13th cent. Most of the large buildings date from the 17th and 18th cent.
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. His kingdom was divided among the victors.


See M. Hasan Khan, History of Tipu Sultan (1951); biography by D. M. Forrest (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
An antique gold ring that belonged to Tippoo Sahib, Sultan of Mysore, who was killed at the Capture of Seringapatam in 1799, in a battle between the British East India Company and the Indian Kingdom of Mysore, also seems certain be sold.