Tipu Sultan


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Tipu Sultan

 

Born 1750; died May 4, 1799, in Seringapatam. Ruler of the principality of Mysore from 1782 to 1799 and leader of the struggle against the British conquerors in South India.

As commander of the Mysore forces during the reign of his father, Haidar Ali, Tipu Sultan defeated the British detachments at Pollilur in 1780 and at Anegundi in 1782. He became ruler at the height of the second Anglo-Mysore War. In 1783 he surrounded and captured the British forces at Bednur. In an effort to secure material support for a strengthened army, he increased the state’s landholdings by confiscating lands belonging to the temples and the feudal lords. His efforts, however, to conclude an alliance with France and the Muslim rulers of India, Afghanistan, and Turkey against Great Britain proved fruitless. Tipu Sultan was killed during the fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799) when British troops stormed Seringapatam, the capital of Mysore.

References in classic literature ?
Few live who know the blockhouse was ever raised," was the slow and musing answer; "'tis not often that books are made, and narratives written of such a scrimmage as was here fou't atween the Mohicans and the Mohawks, in a war of their own waging.
It is evident, it could not be done without waging war against the contracting State; and to ascribe to the federal courts, by mere implication, and in destruction of a pre-existing right of the State governments, a power which would involve such a consequence, would be altogether forced and unwarrantable.
Hitherto I have fancied myself merely waging war against circumstances, not men.
He left them, one and all, within their own territory, where, for aught I can tell, their descendants are alive to the present day, building their little houses, cultivating their little fields, spanking their little children, waging their little warfare with the cranes, doing their little business, whatever it may be, and reading their little histories of ancient times.
Over this vast tract the roving bands of the Sioux Tetons hold their vagrant sway, subsisting by the chase of the buffalo, the elk, the deer, and the antelope, and waging ruthless warfare with other wandering tribes.
2) The Convention of London expressly reserves to every nation the right of waging war so long as it does not interfere with the traffic and all that implies.
Of this latter, while Conscience teaches the obligation, and Reason the expediency, Taste contents herself with displaying the charms: -- waging war upon Vice solely on the ground of her deformity -- her disproportion -- her animosity to the fitting, to the appropriate, to the harmonious -- in a word, to Beauty.
He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
On some we could see fierce battles waging between the Zodangan soldiery and the Heliumetic crews, but eventually the colours of the Prince of Helium floated above every ship that had followed Zat Arras upon our trail--only his flagship flew them not.
The tribes living near the Nile are hostile to each other, and are continually waging a war of extermination.
Their awe-inspiring size, terrific strength, mighty fighting-fangs, and hideous appearance are but the attributes necessary to the successful waging of their constant battle for survival, and well do they employ them when the need arises.
These few he would have died for as, doubtless, they would have died for him; but there were none of these fighting with the British forces in East Africa, and so, sickened and disgusted by the sight of man waging his cruel and inhuman warfare, Tarzan determined to heed the insistent call of the remote jungle of his youth, for the Germans were now on the run and the war in East Africa was so nearly over that he realized that his further services would be of negligible value.