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Tirunelveli(tĭro͞onĕl`vĕlē), town (1991 pop. 366,869), Tamil Nadu state, SE India. Now an agricultural trading center with motor workshops and manufactures in textiles, jewelry, and cigarettes, it was once an imperial city of the CholaChola
, S Indian dynasty, whose kingdom was in what is now Tamil Nadu. Its chief capitals were at Kanchi (Kanchipuram) and Thanjavur (Tanjore). The Chola kingdom was one of the three of ancient Tamil tradition, but the dynasty had been virtually submerged for centuries when at
..... Click the link for more information. kingdom (c.900–1200). St. Francis Xavier conducted missionary activity in the area (c.1545). It was formerly called Tinnevelly.
(also Tinnevelly), a city in southeastern India, in the state of Tamil Nadu. Population, 108,500 (1971). Tirunelveli, a transportation junction, has enterprises of the textile, leather, and food-processing industries. Carved objects of stone, ivory, and wood are produced in the city.