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(tī`rĭnz), ancient city of Greece, in the NE Peloponnesus, 2.5 mi (4 km) N of Nauplia (now Návplion) and near Argos. The site seems to have been inhabited since the 3d millennium B.C. It was a city of splendor from c.1600 to c.1100 B.C. Excavations begun by Heinrich Schliemann and Wilhelm Dörpfeld in 1884–85 revealed not only extensive pre-Homeric palaces of the Mycenaean period but also remains going far back in prehistory. The old city was prominent in Greek legend.



an ancient Greek city in the Argolis, in the Peloponnesus. A settlement arose on the site of Tiryns in the Neolithic age. At the beginning of the second millennium B.C., Tiryns became a center of the early class-structured state of the Achaeans. Tiryns flourished from the 16th to 13th centuries B.C; during this period a large royal palace, decorated with frescoes, was built in the acropolis. Circa 1400 B.C., massive cyclopean stone walls were built around the acropolis. They were mentioned in the Iliad (II, 559) and later were described by Pausanias in his Description of Greece (II, 25). The walls of Tiryns, fortified with towers, measure as much as 10 m thick in places and contained storage rooms for weapons and various supplies. An underground passage led from the fortress to an underground spring.

Diomedes, who ruled circa 1240 B.C, was particularly famous among the kings of Tiryns. According to Greek legend, he served in the campaign against Troy. In the 12th century B.C, the acropolis of Tiryns was devastated by fire during an invasion by the Dorians; however, the city below the acropolis continued to be inhabited. During the first millennium B.C, Tiryns remained a small polis. Circa 470 B.C. the city was destroyed by Argos.

The archaeological study of Tiryns was begun in 1831. The most significant excavations were those conducted by W. Dórpfeld (1884–85), the German archaeologists G. Karo and K. Miiller (1912–38, with interruptions), and the Greek archaeologist N. Verdelis (1960’s).


Blavatskaia, T. V. Akheiskaia Gretsiia vo vtorom tysiacheletii do n. e. Moscow, 1966.
Tiryns: Die Ergebnisse des Ausgrabungen des Instituís, vols. 1–6, Athens-Augsburg-Mainz, 1912–73.


References in periodicals archive ?
The apricots exported are mostly of the Bebek variety lower in price than the Tiryns.
Hinzen and his colleagues have created a 3D model of Tiryns based on laser scans of the structures left and are hoping to determine if the walls' collapse could only have been caused by an earthquake.
Since the time of this basic division of LH IIIB, further excavations and studies have provided evidence for additional subdivisions of both LH IIIB1 and LH IIIB2 at Tiryns and Mycenae.
the Greeks had adapted Linear A to their own language in order to track the increasing trade and account for the resulting wealth accumulated by such Greek cities as Mycenae, Pylos, Tiryns, and Ochomenos.
The Neolithic and Bronze Age dolphins that appear on signets found in Crete, and the oldest painting of a dolphin, which adorned a palace wall at Tiryns in Peloponnesian Greece around 1600 BC, as well as other images, including the famous reconstructed dolphin fresco from the so-called Queen's Megaron at Knossos, Crete, may all be emblems of the power of Poseidon and of mastery of the sea.
Other fortified palace complexes were also built on the mainland in the Late Bronze Age; they include Athens, Tiryns, Thebes, and, perhaps most critical for the archaeological record, Pylos, the fabled palace of Nestor, Homer's wisest elder statesman.
He quarreled with his brother Acrisius and divided the kingdom with him, Proetus taking Tiryns, which he fortified.
In fact, there is an isolated instance of a warrior, painted on a clay shield from Tiryns of c.
and became king on his father's death (520); defeated the Argives at Tiryns, ordering the execution of 6,000 captives in the sacred grove in which they had sought shelter (c.
Hercules (Latin form of Greek "Herakles," meaning "Hera's, or Juno's, fame") rightfully deserved to rule Mycenae and Tiryns, but because of the machinations of Juno, his cousin Eurystheus had become his lord.
Although he traveled far and wide for many of the famous Labors, Heracles ' own home seems to have been at Tiryns.