Titanium Oxides

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Titanium Oxides

 

the compounds of titanium and oxygen TiO, Ti2O3, and TiO2. In addition, a series of intermediate oxides are known to exist within the range of compositions TiO2-Ti2O3. The titanium oxide most widely distributed and of greatest commercial importance is titanium dioxide, TiO2, which occurs naturally as the minerals rutile, anatase, and brookite. In pure form, TiO2 is a white powder with a melting point of 1830°–1850°C. Technical-grade TiOz is obtained from rutile and from complex titaniferous iron ores of the ilmenite type by the sulfuric-acid method, by the oxidation of TiCl4 in a plasma jet of oxygen at 1500°–2000°K, or by the combustion of TiCl4 in oxygen.

Titanium oxide ores serve as raw materials in the production of metallic titanium. TiO2 is widely used in the manufacture of high-quality white paints (titanium white). It also serves as a pigment and filler in the rubber industry, in metallurgy, and in the production of plastics, synthetic fibers, paper, and leather.

S. G. GLAZUNOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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