Titanophoneus


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Titanophoneus

 

a genus of extinct reptiles of the super-family Titanosuchoidea, subclass Synapsida. Members of the genus were large predators measuring up to 3 m or more in length. The upper canine teeth were long and well developed, and the front part of the upper jaw was slightly raised. The body was elongate, with a long tail. A skeleton of Titanophoneus was found in Upper Permian deposits on the Volga, near the village of Isheevo in the Tatar ASSR.

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Ohter dinocephalians included the South African Anteosaurus magnificus and the Russian Titanophoneus potens which were the largest - more than 18ft long - terrestrial predators of the age known geologically as the Permian.
Among primitive therapsids, Orlov (1958) described longitudinal ridges on the ventral surface of the nasal and frontal bones of the Late Permian dinocephalian Titanophoneus, but interpreted these as marking the lateral edges of the nasal septum.