Titicaca


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Titicaca

(tētēkä`kä), lake, c.3,200 sq mi (8,290 sq km), 110 mi (177 km) long, and c.900 ft (270 m) deep at at its deepest point, in the Andes Mts., on the Bolivia-Peru border; second largest freshwater lake in South America and the world's highest large lake (c.12,500 ft/3,810 m above sea level). The lake is divided into two basins by the Strait of Tiquina. Fed by many short mountain streams, the lake is drained by the Desaguadero River to Lake Poopó. In the 21st cent. a reduction in inflowing meltwater from mountain glaciers has led to a drop in water levels, and pollution from growing cities and towns in the lake's watershed has greatly increased. A center of indigenous life from pre-Inca times, the shores of Titicaca are crowded with native villages and terraced fields, which are a major source of subsistence crops for the largely barren highland region. The almost constant temperature of the water (51°F;/11°C;) modifies the climate and makes possible the growing of potatoes and grains at the high altitude. Native balsas, small flat-bottomed reed boats with reed sails, dot the lake and are used for commerce and fishing. On the lake near Puno, Uros live on floating islands made of reeds. Near the lake's southern shore is the pre-Inca ruin TiahuanacoTiahuanaco
, ancient native ruin, W Bolivia, 34 mi (55 km) S of Lake Titicaca on the Tiahuanaco R. in the S central Andes, near the Peruvian border; also called Tiwanaku or Tiahuanacu.
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. In the lake are the islands of Titicaca and Coati, the legendary birthplace of the Incas, which contain ruins of past civilizations.

Titicaca

 

a lake in the central Andes, on the border between Peru and Bolivia. The largest lake in South America and the largest lake on earth located in high mountains. Lake Titicaca is situated at an elevation of 3,812 m. It has an area of 8,300 sq km and a maximum depth of 304 m. The lake, which lies in a depression of tectonic origin, is the remainder of a larger, ancient body of water. The shoreline has many inlets and in the northeast and southwest is faced by steep cliffs. Many rivers, the largest of which is the Ramis, flow into the lake; the Desaguadero River flows from Lake Titicaca into the Lago de Poopó. The surface water in the middle of the lake has a constant temperature of 11°–12°C; however, the temperature varies considerably along the shore; even in the summer ice forms in the inlets and along the shore at night. The highest water level occurs in March, and the lowest from May through December. The chemical composition of the water is close to that of the ocean.

There is fishing and navigation on the lake. The most important city and port is Puno, Peru, which is linked by rail to Moliendo, on the Pacific coast. Monuments of the ancient Indian culture of the Tiahuanaco are found along the shore and on the islands in the southeast.

Titicaca

Lake. a lake between S Peru and W Bolivia, in the Andes: the highest large lake in the world; drained by the Desaguadero River flowing into Lake Poopó. Area: 8135 sq. km (3141 sq. miles). Altitude: 3809 m (12 497 ft.). Depth: 370 m (1214 ft.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Titicaca water frog is physiologically bizarre, critically endangered, and one of the most important predators in the unique altiplano lake that spans more than two miuion acres between Peru and Bolivia.
The museum will be located on the shores of Lake Titicaca. It will be made up of two principal buildings with one built on the shoreside and the other semi-submerged.
Leg pattern (from longest to shortest): I>IV>II>III (male holotype of Bistriopelma lamasi, Bistriopelma matuskai, Bistriopelma titicaca sp.
After decades of neglect, a major clean-up of Lake Titicaca is underway, but will it be sufficient?
WHEN THE MYTH BECOMES STONE: MEMORIES ABOUT PUKARA STELES IN THE NORTH OF TITICACA, PERU
Locals in the small town of Puno, Peru are mourning the death of thousands of endangered frogs along the shores of Lake Titicaca. The Titicaca water frog, one of the largest aquatic frogs in the world, goes by a nickname of "scrotum frog" for its uniquely baggy skin.
Esta situacion problematica, indistintamente, se debe a la alta tasa de crecimiento poblacional y la subsistencia de la precaria conciencia ambiental y sanitaria de la poblacion; agudizada por la cobertura limitada de los servicios que brinda EMSA Puno, la ausencia de un plan director de desarrollo urbano, la ausencia de la planta de tratamiento de RS urbanos y que tiene un efecto directo sobre la contaminacion creciente de la bahia del Lago Titicaca y la salud humana.
The name Totora comes from a reed grown at Peru's Lake Titicaca, where indigenous residents use the dried plant to make a floating sail boat similar to a conoe or surf board.
Lake Titicaca in the Andes Mountains of South America is a great site for reconstructing all sorts of history.
Lake Titicaca straddles the border of Bolivia and which other country?
* Lake Titicaca makes for an invigorating experience for kayaking enthusiasts.