Title IX


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Title IX,

clause of the Educational Amendments of 1972 that reads: "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance." Title IX has led to equal treatment of men and women in a great variety of federally-funded activities but it has received the most notice by far as it applies to high school and college sports. Title IX was controversial from its inception, but several amendments aimed at weakening it have been consistently voted down. The Office for Civil Rights in the Dept. of Education is responsible for enforcing athletic parity under Title IX.

Title IX's requirement that men's and women's sports be funded in fair proportion propelled an enormous growth in women's sports and helped produce many first-class female athletes beginning in the late 20th cent. The implementation of Title IX has also, on occasion, led to the curtailment of some men's sports when institutions have chosen to achieve parity in part by reducing expenditures on men. A 2003 federal study recommended that there be changes in the law that would insure that opportunities for female athletes did not come at the expense of male athletes. Four years later another study revealed that since the passage of Title IX there had been an overall decrease in the number of male athletes competing in NCAA Division I sports, but that this loss was more than offset by gains in Divisions II and III.

Bibliography

See studies by J. Gavora (2002), L. J. Carpenter and R. V. Acosta (2004), W. Suggs (2006), E. McDonagh and L. Pappano (2007), N. Mitchell and L. A. Ennis (2007), and A. Zimbalist and N. Hogshead-Makar (2007).

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
HHS OCR initiated the Title IX and Section 1557 compliance review of the MSU Entities after federal and state criminal investigations of Nassar, an osteopathic physician and associate professor at MSU, found that he had sexually abused hundreds of women and girls under his care over decades.
Mary Edly-Allen is hosting an informational session on Title IX from 6:30 to 7:30 p.m.
Senator Catherine Cortez Masto (D-Nev.) cosponsored a resolution honoring the 47th Anniversary of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX).
That's a hard pill to swallow, however, when students' voices tell the opposite story--when students feel unsafe on their campus because their perpetrator was only put on probation instead of expelled; when an underground fraternity has terrorized women and men alike for almost two decades; when Title IX proceedings sometimes take longer than the survivor attends college; and when those deemed responsible for sexual violence by Title IX don't even have to register as sex offenders.
"Title IX [of the Education Amendments Act of 1972] makes clear that no student shall, on the basis of sex, be subject to discrimination.
Discussion centered on the application of Title IX, a U.S.
Some of Maryland's top higher education leaders told a state Senate panel Thursday that they do not see a lot of positives in the federal Department of Education's proposed regulations on handling sexual assault and misconduct allegations under Title IX.
District Court in Texarkana follows a May ruling in which the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals decided that a university that receives federal funds could face lawsuits for money damages for violations of Title IX provisions.
The United States Feminist Majority Foundation won a groundbreaking ruling from the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals in a Title IX online sexual harassment case this fall.
The Transformation of Title IX: Regulating Gender Eguality in Education
Title IX coordinators have been on a bit of a roller coaster for some time now, and unfortunately, the ride isn't over yet.