Titus Oates


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Oates, Titus,

1649–1705, English conspirator. An Anglican priest whose whole career was marked with intrigue and scandal, he joined forces with one Israel Tonge to invent the story of the Popish Plot of 1678. Oates, who had been briefly a convert to Roman Catholicism, claimed that there was a Jesuit-guided plan to assassinate Charles II and to hasten the succession of the Catholic James, duke of York (later James II). The account was completely fabricated, and Oates, examined by the privy council, would perhaps have been immediately exposed had not treasonous letters from Edward Coleman, secretary of the duchess of York, to the French Jesuit, François La Chaise, been discovered as a result of his accusations. The unexplained death of Sir Edmund Berry Godfrey, the judge to whom Tonge and Oates first told their story, was attributed without evidence to the Catholics, and three innocent men were hanged for it. A frenzy of anti-Catholic hatred swept through England, resulting in the judicial murder of a number of Roman Catholic peers and commoners and in the arrest and persecution of many others. Oates enjoyed temporary eminence and even accused Queen Catherine of plotting to poison the king. In 1685, Oates was convicted of perjury, severely flogged, and imprisoned. Under William III he was released and pensioned.

Bibliography

See J. Kenyon, The Popish Plot (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
Matthew Clay, the first Dominican to swear on the side of Titus Oates in court, testified at the Old Bailey on June 13, 1679, at the trial of the five Jesuits: Thomas White or Whitebread, William Harcourt, John Fenwick, John Gavan or Gawen, and Anthony Turner.
Barry, now 69, recalls his 1971 Whitbread Gold Cup winner Titus Oates as "a jockey's nightmare, but a hell of a horse" and credits trainer Gordon Richards with "a real good training performance, as he was really a two-and-a-half miler".
And it asks exactly what happened to Evans and colleague Captain Titus Oates, and whether their struggle against the -400C temperatures were seen as a liability by Scott.
1649: Titus Oates, fabricator of the "Popish Plot"in 1678, was born.
Ridden by Val O'Brien, the favourite held on by ahead from The Dikler (11st 2lb), with Titus Oates (12st 3lb), Gay Trip, Royal Relief, Orient War and top-weight Crisp next.
The poor wee thing had done a Titus Oates and gone outside for a while.
The likes of Titus Oates followed and then One Man became the apple of his eye.
At the heart of it all was the unlovely figure of Titus Oates, fantasist and virtuoso liar.
ONE of my favourite horses of the 70s was Titus Oates and I backed him to win the King George at Kempton on Boxing Day.
The Titus Oates Plot created another crisis, and in the first half of the eighteenth century English Catholics of all social ranks were exposed to the risk of raids.
Titus Oates won at Market Rasen; Shuvee scored her second victory in the 2m Jockey Club Gold Cup at Belmont Park; Cougar landed the Oak Tree Invitational Stakes at Santa Anita; and Riva Ridge took the Pimlico-Laurel Futurity at Laurel Park.
Initially using the stage name Titus Oates, he had a number of stints in various provincial rep companies before arriving in the West End in the early 1960s.