Tiumen


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Tiumen:

see TyumenTyumen
, city (1989 pop. 477,000), capital of Tyumen region, SW Siberian Russia, on the Tura River. On the Trans-Siberian RR, Tyumen is a major transfer point for river and rail freight. It has shipyards and machine plants.
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, Russia.

Tiumen’

 

a city and administrative center of Tiumen’ Oblast, RSFSR. Situated on both banks of the Tura River (a tributary of the Tobol). Major transportation junction, with railroad lines leading to Sverdlovsk, Omsk, and Surgut. River port and major freight transfer point from the river to the railroad and vice versa. Population, 335,000 (1976, 20 percent of the oblast’s population; 50,000 in 1926, 79,000 in 1939,150,000 in 1959, 269,000 in 1970). The city is divided into three raions.

The first Russian city in Siberia, Tiumen’ was founded in 1586 on the site of the Tatar city of Chinga-Tura, which had been captured by Ermak’s detachment in 1581. It became part of Siberia Province in 1709 and of the Tobol’sk namestnichestvo (vicegerency) in 1782; in 1796 it became the district center of Tobol’sk Province. In the 17th century, Tiumen’ was an important transit point on trade routes between Siberia and China. It grew economically owing to the development of steam navigation on Siberian rivers in the 1840’s and the construction in 1885 of the Ekaterinburg-Tiumen’ (now Sverdlovsk-Tiumen’) Railroad. In the second half of the 19th century, the shipbuilding, timber, fishing, and rug-weaving industries developed extensively in Tiumen’; grain, flour, and leather were shipped by way of the city.

A Social Democratic circle was founded in Tiumen’ early in 1905. On Jan. 5 (18), 1918, Soviet power was established in the city. On July 20,1918, Tiumen’ was seized by White Czechs and White Guards; it was liberated by the Red Army on Aug. 8, 1919. It has been the administrative center of Tiumen’ Oblast since 1944.

During the period of socialist construction, Tiumen’ became a major industrial and cultural center of Siberia. The largest branches of industry are machine building, metalworking, woodworking, and chemicals, as well as light industries and the food-processing industry. Major enterprises include shipbuilding, ship-repair, electrical machinery, construction machinery, instrument-making, forging-and-pressing, civil aviation, and machinery-repair plants, as well as the experimental Elektron plant. Other plants manufacture storage batteries, automobile and tractor electrical equipment, and medical equipment. There are also large wood-products enterprises producing lumber, plywood, and furniture; a chipboard plant is under construction (1976). The chemical industry is represented by plastics and pharmaceuticals plants. The production of construction materials, including bricks, keramzit, and reinforced concrete, is well developed. Light industry enterprises include a worsted combine (one of the largest in the USSR) and sheepskin, spinning and net-weaving, carpet, felt footwear, clothing, and footwear factories. The food-processing industry is highly developed, with meat-packing, milk, flour-milling, and fish-processing combines.

The Tiumen’ Thermal Electric Power Plant, which uses local peat, has been in operation since 1960. After the opening of the petroleum and gas fields of the Ob’-Irtysh North, Tiumen’ became a base of the petroleum and gas industry. The Samotlor-Surgut-Tobol’sk-Tiumen’-Kurgan-Ufa-Al’met’evsk (two lines) and Shaim-Tiumen’-Kurgan petroleum pipelines traverse the city.

Tiumen’ has five higher educational institutions: a university and industrial, civil engineering, agricultural, and medical institutes. There are seven specialized secondary educational institutions: machine building, forestry, Soviet trade, and cooperative trade technicums, medical and pedagogical schools, and an arts school. The city also has research and planning institutes for the petroleum and gas industry. Cultural institutions include an oblast drama theater, a puppet theater, a philharmonic society, a circus, a museum of local lore, and an art gallery.

REFERENCES

Tiumen’: Putevoditel’-spravochnik, 2nd ed. Sverdlovsk, 1974.
Kabo, R. M. Gowda Zapadnoi Sibiri: Ocherki istoriko-ekonomiche-skoi geografii (XVII-pervaia polovina XIX vv.). Moscow, 1949.
Shag v polveka: Rasskaz o proshlom, nastoiashchem i budushchem zemli Tiumenskoi. Sverdlovsk, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the Grzegorz Wroblewskitrained Orphee Des Blins, a 54-1 outsider, was given a positive ride from the front by Jan Faltejsek and came home 16 lengths clear of Ronino, with Tiumen third.
After closing stores in Leningrad, Khar'kov, Krasnodar, Perm, and Tiumen, among others, seven divisions and approximately 20 commercial units remained.
A pattern of regional cleavage has emerged, with a flood of wealth attributed to Moscow City (not shown) and the lightly populated oil regions of Tiumen and Khanty-Mansy.
Vana and Tiumen were completing a hat-trick in the race to delight the 30,000-plus crowd at the track, but Vana admitted they had luck on their side.
Vana's statement was in marked contrast to his emotions 12 months ago when he told Czech television after the race that seven wins was enough, and that he and Tiumen might call it a day.
Vana himself ran over to Tiumen to embrace his horse again as the racecourse bayed his name.
Josef Vana eases down on Tiumen (left) but just holds Amant Gris (red cap), with Sixteen (right) third
Nicholas Godfrey Velka Pardubicka Stan James: 3 Bremen Plan, 5 Sixteen, 6 Amant Gris, Mandarino, Tiumen, 8 Aspirant, 12 Valldemoso, 14 Baggio, Juventus, 16 Lirain, 25 Jung, 33 Mr Big, Teviot, 40 bar
A) Decent Fellow B) Sixteen C) Tiumen To enter email your answer to haveyouhadyours@racinguk.
A measure of the applause was for eight-year-old Tiumen, but the unparalleled reception that erupted time and again from the stands was for the man on top, some 49 years older.
At 15-1, Tiumen was far from strongly fancied and was as short as that only because of Josef's following among Czech punters, many of whom would back Vana if he turned up on the donkey Jesus rode into Jerusalem.
She was beaten half a length and a head by Profil and Del Sole in the second of the four course qualifiers in June, but left that form behind when beating Mandarino, Gawain and Tiumen on August 23.