Tiun

Tiun

 

a term used in ancient Rus’ in the 11th to 13th centuries to designate certain privileged servants, or stewards, who helped to administer the feudal estates of princes and boyars.

In the 14th to 17th centuries there were three types of tiuny: (1) the tiuny employed on the estate of a grand prince or grand princess and engaged in the administration of individual volosts (small rural districts) and cities: (2) the tiuny of namestniks (vicegerents) and of volost officials, engaged in the initial hearings of court cases; and (3) the tiuny of bishops, supervising the clergymen’s performance of their duties. In the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the term tiun in the 14th and 15th centuries was applied both to the feudal lords (later vicegerents) who administered the volosts and to well-to-do peasants—the elders on the estates of grand princes.

References in periodicals archive ?
The first headman of Kampung Bantang was Tiun anak Malan in 1940, followed by Kumbung anak Rumbu in 1960, Simon anak Bidu in 1964, Ungang anak Gungkel in 1970, Tunjang anak Rutad in 1997 and Eshap anak Saeh from 1997 until now (Eshap and Sapur, personal communication, 2017).
Calcular el peso de un concepto, basado en la frecuencia de palabras, sigue la suposicion de que la repeticion de palabras en un texto se hace con el fin de destacar algun topico y puede ser un indicador de la significacion de las palabras (Tiun et al, 2001).
Teniendo en cuenta la estructura jerarquica de la taxonomia y las relaciones entre los conceptos, la deteccion de un concepto subyacente del documento implica indirectamente la presencia de su "concepto-padre" tambien en el documento (Tiun et al, 2001).