Tivoli


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Tivoli

(tē`vōlē), Lat. Tibur, city (1991 pop. 52,372), in Latium, central Italy, on the Aniene River. An important tourist center, the city is beautifully situated on a terrace dominating nearby Rome and the plain to the sea. It is celebrated for the waterfalls formed there by the Aniene and for the Villa d'EsteVilla d'Este
, name of two famous villas in Italy. One lies near Tivoli, c.20 mi (30 km) E of Rome. Built in 1550 by Pirro Ligorio for Cardinal Ippolito II d'Este, it is decorated with paintings and statues and is surrounded by one of the most beautiful Renaissance gardens in
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. An old settlement, Tivoli was conquered by Rome in the 4th cent. B.C. and became a favorite summer resort under the Empire. There are ruins of several Roman villas, notably that of Emperor Hadrian, and the well-preserved Temple of Vesta, which is now a church. The city also has a cathedral (12th cent; rebuilt 17th–18th cent.), with a fine Romanesque campanile.

Tivoli

 

a city in central Italy in the Latium region, in the Sabini mountains near Rome. Population, 38,400 (1966). There are paper and rubber industries, as well as wine-making. The city is a center of tourism.

Tivoli has been known since the fourth century B.C. Architectural remains include a temple of Vesta or of the Sibyl (second to first centuries B.C.), the villa of Maecenas (first century B.C.), and the Villa d’Este (1550–72; architect P. Ligorio) with its park and cascading fountains. Hadrian’s Villa (A.D. 125–135) is located near Tivoli. The villa’s museum of antiquities now houses a collection of archaeological finds.

REFERENCE

Coffin, D. R. The Villa d’Este at Tivoli. Princeton, N. J., 1960.

Tivoli

 

a cascading waterfall in Italy on the Aniene River, a tributary of the Tiber. Its total height is 160 m. Rushing down the central Apennine slope, the waterfall forms travertine terraces. There is a hydroelectric power plant at the waterfall, and the city of Tivoli is located nearby. The site is a tourist attraction.

Tivoli

a town in central Italy, east of Rome: a summer resort in Roman times; contains the Renaissance Villa d'Este and the remains of Hadrian's Villa. Pop.: 49 342 (2001)
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