Tlaxcala

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Tlaxcala

(tläskä`lä), state (1990 pop. 761,277), 1,555 sq mi (4,027 sq km), E central Mexico. TlaxcalaTlaxcala,
city (1990 pop. 50,486), capital of Tlaxcala state, E central Mexico. It is the site of the oldest Christian church in the Americas, founded (1521) by the Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés. Nearby is a famous Mexican shrine, the Santuario y Colegiata de Ocotlán.
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 is the capital. It is the smallest and one of the most densely populated Mexican states. The western part lies within Mexico's central plateau; the remainder, however, is extremely mountainous, with a temperate to cold climate. Maguey, cereals, and subsistence crops are grown in the valleys. Light manufacture has developed on a significant scale. Textile and fighting bulls are traditional and still important products of the state. In the mountains are the sources of the Río Balsas. Defeated by Hernán CortésCortés, Hernán,
or Hernando Cortez
, 1485–1547, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Mexico. Expedition to Mexico

Cortés went (1504) first to Hispaniola and later (1511) accompanied Diego de Velázquez to Cuba.
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 after fierce resistance, the Tlaxcaltecs later became valuable Spanish allies against the Aztecs.

Tlaxcala,

city (1990 pop. 50,486), capital of Tlaxcala state, E central Mexico. It is the site of the oldest Christian church in the Americas, founded (1521) by the Spanish explorer Hernán CortésCortés, Hernán,
or Hernando Cortez
, 1485–1547, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Mexico. Expedition to Mexico

Cortés went (1504) first to Hispaniola and later (1511) accompanied Diego de Velázquez to Cuba.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Nearby is a famous Mexican shrine, the Santuario y Colegiata de Ocotlán.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tlaxcala

 

a state in Mexico, on the southern Meseta Central. Area, 3,900 sq km. Population, 459,600 (1974). The capital is Tlaxcala. The population engages in subsistence farming of corn and beans. Maguey plantations occupy one-third of the arable land.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tlaxcala

1. a state of S central Mexico: the smallest Mexican state; formerly an Indian principality, the chief Indian ally of Cortés in the conquest of Mexico. Capital: Tlaxcala. Pop.: 961 912 (2000 est.). Area: 3914 sq. km (1511 sq. miles)
2. a city in E central Mexico, on the central plateau, capital of Tlaxcala state: the church of San Francisco (founded 1521 by Cortés) is the oldest in the Americas. Pop.: 25 000 (1990 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In joining forces with the Spaniards to defeat the Aztecs as common enemies, Tlaxcalans assumed the alliance amounted to a pact of mutual convenience that might transition, once the Aztecs had been defeated, to a truce between separate polities.
The multi-paneled frescos are the life's work of Tlaxcalan native Desiderio Hernandez Xochitiotzin, who died last year at age 85.
For romantics, or those shy of unfamiliar dishes, there is an upscale restaurant nearby called "La Casa de Los Naranjos," tastefully decorated with straw on its outer patio and adorned with still life works (a genre called "pinturas de bodegon") by well-known Tlaxcalan painter, Armando Arhuatzin.
Robert Haskett, history, discusses "Dying for Conversation: Tlaxcalan Boy Martyrs and the Evangelization of Mexico in the Sixteenth Century." Room 159, Prince Lucien Campbell Hall.
Their roads to the coast apparently went south of Pico de Orizaba and then angled across the Sierra Madre Oriental slopes to Cempoala and the vicinity of today's Veracruz, blocked from more northern routes around the sierra by the independent Tlaxcalan state.
found crying, a chronicle of the Tlaxcalan conspirators who helped
There were also various regional styles: Texcocan, Mexican, Otomi, Tepanecan, Acolhuan, Tlaxcalan, Huastec, and Totonac.
Hence, Las Trampas settlers represented mixed genizaro, Tlaxcalan, African, and Spanish bloodlines.
What is not often noted about this relationship is that it involves an interracial encounter; Don Cipriano is "pure Indian" and Don Ramon is "almost pure Spaniard, but probably has the blood of the Tlaxcalan Indians in his veins as well" (64).
As accounts by the Franciscan friar Motolonia and, later, the Tlaxcalan mestizo Diego Valades reveal, by 1538 the Franciscans had tapped Nahua elements of religious ritual and began incorporating them into the Catholic Mass and Corpus Christi celebrations (Stevenson 157-59, 168).