Tlemcen


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Tlemcen

(tlĕmsĕn`), city (1998 pop. 155,162), NW Algeria, capital of Tlemcen prov. Its location on a crossroads between the Mediterranean coast and the Sahara and between Algeria and Morocco has made it a commercial center since ancient times. Its prime importance was as a trade center during the Middle Ages. It flourished (13th–15th cent.) as the capital of a Muslim Berber dynasty, which ruled over much of what is now Algeria. Tlemcen has numerous splendid mosques and retains the atmosphere of medieval Muslim life. It still exports the carpets, woolens, and leather goods for which it has long been noted.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tlemcen

 

a city in northwestern Algeria, at the foot of the Tlemcen Mountains. Capital and industrial and transportation center of Tlemcen Wilayah. Population, 72,200 (1966). Tlemcen, a railroad and highway junction, has enterprises of the textile and food-processing industries; rugs are also woven there.

Tlemcen became known in the third century as the Roman city of Pomaria. In the seventh century it was seized by the Arabs. It was an important cultural and commercial center of central Maghrib from the 11th to 16th centuries. Tlemcen is surrounded by a pisé wall with seven gates dating from the 11th and 12th centuries. The city is known for its 12th-century Great Mosque, which has 13 aisles, an open-worked dome above the mihrab (1136), and a notable minaret (1236). Other monuments of architecture include the mosque of Sidi bel Hassan (now the Antiquities Museum, 1296–97), the mosque and tomb of Sidi Brahim (1358), a 12th-century public bath, and 14th-century cisterns.

REFERENCE

Marçais, G. Tlemcen. Paris, 1950.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tlemcen

a city in NW Algeria: capital of an Arab kingdom from the 12th to the late 14th century. Pop.: 177 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Nichee a 800 metres d'altitude, Tlemcen recele des sources extraordinaires en amont de la ville.
He expressed belief that the weapon against intolerance lies in the true values of Islam and that the rich history of Tlemcen city evidenced to the global dimension of the holy faith.
Marriott International, Inc (NYSE: MAR), a US-based company that owns and operates hotel properties, has opened its new Renaissance Tlemcen Hotel in the city of Tlemcen, in Algeria.
"Alshrouq" newspaper said in a report today on the Saudi Cultural Week and its activities that the Saudi delegation made the event in the city of Tlemcen, where a traditional tent attracted crowds of visitors on the first day of opening the Saudi Cultural Week, pointing out that the Saudis brought with them quantities of Zamzam water and presented as a gift to the residents of city who lauded this initiative and distinct gift brought from the sacred sites.
Transport Minister Amar Tou, on a working visit to Sidi Bel-Abbes province Saturday, kicked off the works for the electrified double track linking Ouled Tlelat and Tlemcen. A total of DZD 134 billion have been devoted to the ambitious project, carried out by Italian companies "Per Condotte d'Acqua" and "Rizzani De Eccher," with a lead-time of 39 months.AaAaAa
On a dit que la premiere Mosquee de Tlemcen fut fondee, par Idris I, en 790, a Agadir et que la Grande Mosquee de Tlemcen date de 1136.
Selon Hafida Hasnaoui , ingenieur des forets et chargee du projet de suivi de cette espece a Tlemcen, une baisse des effectifs du Vautour percnoptere s'est amorcee depuis le XXeme siecle .
Par ailleurs, 116 kilogrammes de kif traite ont ete saisis a Tlemcen par un detachement de l'ANP en collaboration avec des elements de la Douane.
Sept (07) quintaux et 37 kilogrammes de kif traite ont ete saisis lundi matin par des elements de la Gendarmerie nationale et des Gardes -frontieres de Maghnia, wilaya de Tlemcen 2/ Region militaire, indique le ministere de la Defense nationale dans un communique.
Face aux dangers des noyades, la protection civile de Tlemcen ne cesse d'accentuer ses campagnes de sensibilisation et de prevention sur ces risques ainsi que ceux des intoxications alimentaires.
Deux narcotrafiquants ont ete arretes et plus 5 quintaux de kif traite saisis a Tlemcen et Oran, ce dimanche 18 juin, par des elements de la Gendarmerie nationale, a indique un communique du ministere de la Defense nationale (MDN).