infinitive

(redirected from To-infinitive)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to To-infinitive: bare infinitive

infinitive

An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. It is “unmarked” (which means that it is not conjugated for tense or person), and it is preceded by the particle to.
Infinitives are known as non-finite verbs, meaning they do not express actions being performed by the subjects of clauses. Instead, infinitives function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs to describe actions as ideas.
Infinitives are distinct from a similar construction known as bare infinitives or the base forms of verbs, which are simply infinitives without the particle to.
Continue reading...

infinitive:

see moodmood
or mode,
in verb inflection, the forms of a verb that indicate its manner of doing or being. In English the forms are called indicative (for direct statement or question or to express an uncertain condition, e.g.
..... Click the link for more information.
; tensetense
[O.Fr., from Lat.,=time], in the grammar of many languages, a category of time distinctions expressed by any conjugated form of a verb. In Latin inflection the tense of a verb is indicated by a suffix that also indicates the verb's voice, mood, person, and number.
..... Click the link for more information.
.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Infinitive

 

an indefinite form of the verb that can function syntactically as the substantive to provide the general name for an action or process, in many languages without reference to person, number, tense, or mood. It can have aspect, voice, and sometimes tense. A number of languages have various forms of the infinitive.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A central question in the history of dare is when the use with the to-infinitive developed.
In turn, the lexical features correspond to the--s and--(e)d inflections for 3rd person singular and simple past, respectively, the presence of non-finite forms, the use of do-support for negation and inversion and the to-infinitive complementation.
The early Modern period also witnesses the progressive diffusion of the to-infinitive in this type of clause.
Clues: as, by, to (prep.), to-infinitive, I hereby, non-finite clause, *a.
The difference between the prepositional variants and the reciprocal variants lies in the fact that the latter usually implies that a new entity is involved, very often explicitly specified in the syntax either in the form of a prepositional phrase or a to-infinitive purpose clause.
As is well-known in the traditional literature on Middle English infinitives, this for appeared before the to-infinitive in Early Middle English.
One of the goals of this paper will be to extend her analysis and explore the potential of the notion of assertion to explain the properties of to-infinitive complement clauses as well.
In the ROD section, the recommendations given are related to the person's humour, to the physical appearance and to some cultural aspects following the expected structure (to-infinitive of purpose) as to se faire faces and visages, and beholde delitable bookes, and to here swete songes and delitable, to be clad in the best clothyng of colour and teyntour.
At other times, the adjective is complemented by a to-infinitive when the writers evaluate research processes (these theoretical models are difficult to quantify; very hard to publish; very difficult to find).
The infinitive orare is rendered into to-infinitive, infinitive, or "and + preterite".
through modal verbs) or by to-infinitive sentences in control structures: