Tobit


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Tobit

(tō`bĭt) [Gr. from Heb. Tobijah=God is my good], book of the Old Testament ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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, not included in the Hebrew Bible. It is the account of Tobit, a devout Jew in exile, and of his son Tobias. Despite his many good works, Tobit is mysteriously blinded and despairingly begs God to take his life. At the same time in Ecbatana one Sara, who is afflicted by a demon (Asmodeus=destroyer) that has killed her seven husbands on their wedding night, also asks God for death. God hears both prayers and sends the archangel Raphael to help. Sent by his father on business to a distant city, the young Tobias and his dog are guided by Raphael (in the form of a young man) to the house of Sara. There Tobias marries Sara and, following Raphael's instructions, exorcises the demon. They return to his home, where Tobias cures his father's blindness. The book ends with Tobit's prophecy of the restoration of Jerusalem and the return of the exiles. The story inculcates ideals of benevolence, marriage, and prayer, with assurances that God is a God of mercy toward the long-suffering righteous and punishes the wicked. The ancient texts are of great diversity; hence, the various English versions materially differ in detail. Fragments of the book in Aramaic and Hebrew have been found at QumranQumran
, ancient village on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea, in what is now the Israeli-occupied West Bank. It is famous for its caves, in some of which the Dead Sea Scrolls were found. Archaeological work at Qumran has yielded a profile of its history.
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. The work was probably composed c.175 B.C. The young Tobias and his dog with the angel have been a favorite subject of Christian iconography.

Bibliography

For bibliography, see ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Tobit

sparrow guano falls into his eyes while sleeping. [Apocrypha: Tobit 2:10]

Tobit

Old Testament
1. a pious Jew who was released from blindness through the help of the archangel Raphael
2. a book of the Apocrypha relating this story
References in periodicals archive ?
Using the Limdep software package, Tobit regression analysis showed that most of the coefficients are consistent with hypothesized relationships, and their tests of significance help to indicate their importance in explaining approval decisions of the institutions.
Consequently, given that the Wilcoxon Rank Sum test concluded that there was no difference in the median technical efficiencies of urban and rural councils and that the initial Tobit estimation found that council type was an insignificant variable, the Tobit estimation was repeated, with the dummy variable for rural councils removed from the model to determine if this substantially changes the obtained results.
Columns (1) to (5) present the results for the Tobit models while columns (6) and (7) present the results for the GLS models.
From even this brief summary it can be seen that there are many details which can be read as intertextual references to this book in "The Magic Barrel." This is not surprising, as Malamud himself said, "I'm influenced by the Bible, both Testaments," (10) even if Tobit is found among the Apocrypha.
Respecto de H1, que afirma que la cooperacion universidades--empresas influye positivamente en el desempeno innovador de la empresa, se aplicaron los Modelos Probit y Tobit, cuyos parametros se muestran en la Tabla 3.
Finally, considering both the frequency and size of claims, we analyze the cost of claims using the dynamic Tobit model.
In order to demonstrate the proposed model, the Bayesian bivariate Tobit mean regression model was performed.
In this section, we present and discuss the results of the marginal effects of the Tobit model obtained from the estimation of the equation given above.
PPML estimates would imply lower and EK Tobit estimates higher values of the equivalent tariff.
(f) Tobit Regression Model: The causes of variation in efficiency were also explored in efficiency improvement following (Ibrahim and Omotesho, 2013).
Below in Section II, we detail the shortcomings of the Tobit model and present the MSSM.
Then the analysis combined with Tobit and SFA model will proceed to consider the effects of environmental factors on efficiencies obtained from the DEA model.