Tobruk


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Tobruk

(tōbro͝ok`), Arab. Tubruq, city (1984 pop. 75,282), NE Libya, a port on the Mediterranean Sea. It was a fiercely contested objective in World War II (see North Africa, campaigns inNorth Africa, campaigns in,
series of military contests for control of North Africa during World War II. The desert war started in 1940 and for more than two years thereafter seesawed between NE Libya and NW Egypt.
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). Tobruk was first taken by the British on Jan. 22, 1941. When the Germans under Erwin Rommel drove the British out of Libya (Mar.–Apr., 1941), the Australian garrison at Tobruk was isolated. However, the Australians were provisioned by sea and withstood repeated German attacks. British Field Marshal Claude Auchinleck's drive late in 1941 relieved the siege (Dec. 10). During Rommel's second offensive (begun May 26, 1942), Tobruk fell (June 21) after a one-day assault. The city was retaken by the British on Nov. 30, 1942. The port facilities were expanded in the 1960s to link the city to nearby oil fields.

Tobruk

a small port in NE Libya, in E Cyrenaica on the Mediterranean coast road: scene of severe fighting in World War II: taken from the Italians by the British in January 1941, from the British by the Germans in June 1942, and finally taken by the British in November 1942
References in periodicals archive ?
A declaration of principles designed to resolve the political crisis in Libya was signed Sunday after lengthy talks in Tunis by the parliament of Tobruk, represented by its President Fathi Amish, and the General National Council of Tripoli represented by President Louadh Abdessedek.
One is the internationally-recognised government based in the city of El-Beyda, and frequently called the Tobruk government, and the other is in Tripoli.
Some figures in the two camps of Tripoli and Tobruk are sabotaging
The successful negotiations are only a first step, which must be followed by parliamentary endorsements in both Tripoli and Tobruk, which are both a major hurdle.
Since August 2014, Libya has two governments and parliaments since Tripoli was seized in a coalition of Islamist groups while the internationally recognized government is based in Tobruk.
Tobruk government's Prime Minister Abdullah Thani, who was in Moscow last April, bashed the NATO invasion for stripping the nation of effective government institutions.
For far too long, the Tobruk administration has convinced the United Nations and Western powers to keep Tripoli and its coalition of supporters out in the diplomatic cold.
The cargo ship, owned by a Turkish company, was carrying plasterboard from Spain to Tobruk when it was hit 21 km (13 miles) from the port, suffering some damage, the Foreign Ministry statement said.
NNA - A Turkish dry cargo ship was shelled from the Libyan coast as it approached the port of Tobruk and then attacked from the air as it tried to leave the area on Sunday, the Turkish Foreign Ministry said Monday.
Libyan Foreign Minister Mohamed al-Dairi, right, and UN Special Envoy to Libya Bernardino Leon holding talks at Tobruk airport.
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Libyan House of Representatives held in the city of Tobruk East of the country passed a law on the chief commander of the army, amid expectations that General Khalifa Haftar would be appointed for the job, according to MP Ibrahim Fathi Emeish.
There are currently two rival governments, one based in Tripoli and the other in Tobruk, with each backed by different militias.