Tobruk


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Tobruk

(tōbro͝ok`), Arab. Tubruq, city (1984 pop. 75,282), NE Libya, a port on the Mediterranean Sea. It was a fiercely contested objective in World War II (see North Africa, campaigns inNorth Africa, campaigns in,
series of military contests for control of North Africa during World War II. The desert war started in 1940 and for more than two years thereafter seesawed between NE Libya and NW Egypt.
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). Tobruk was first taken by the British on Jan. 22, 1941. When the Germans under Erwin Rommel drove the British out of Libya (Mar.–Apr., 1941), the Australian garrison at Tobruk was isolated. However, the Australians were provisioned by sea and withstood repeated German attacks. British Field Marshal Claude Auchinleck's drive late in 1941 relieved the siege (Dec. 10). During Rommel's second offensive (begun May 26, 1942), Tobruk fell (June 21) after a one-day assault. The city was retaken by the British on Nov. 30, 1942. The port facilities were expanded in the 1960s to link the city to nearby oil fields.

Tobruk

a small port in NE Libya, in E Cyrenaica on the Mediterranean coast road: scene of severe fighting in World War II: taken from the Italians by the British in January 1941, from the British by the Germans in June 1942, and finally taken by the British in November 1942
References in periodicals archive ?
A West Midlands Fire Service spokesman said: "We were called at 11pm on Saturday to a severe fire on a shed attached to a house on Tobruk Walk.
Previously, Jimmy, a widowed father of two and grandfather of three, has recalled the horror of Tobruk, which lasted for 241 days.
When those who held power in Tripoli refused to give it up in 2014, the newly elected MPs moved to the port of Tobruk, 1,000km (600 miles) away, along with the old government.
Ex-HMAS Tobruk (scuttled in June 2018) is a new dive wreck located in the Great Sandy Marine Park.
The witness did not detail the cause of the row outside parliament, which is located in the eastern city of Tobruk.
Agoco has a refinery at Tobruk on stream since 1985 with a capacity of 20,000 b/d.
General Khalifa Hifter is celebrated as a hero in the east of Libya, and serves as the main military commander for the government in Tobruk, which was pushed out of Tripoli by Islamic extremists.
Since 2014, it has had two rival administrations after militia groups forced the government from Tripoli to seek safety in Tobruk in the east.
This requires the LNA to mount a major assault soon, which might require a degree of cooperation between the Tobruk and Tripoli rivals -- unlikely, given the UN's failure to create a unity government called the Government of National Unity (GNA), which only exists in exile, in a virtual world of the imaginations of UN/EU delusional bureaucrats.
The result of the Rome Conference was to have been a landmark signing by a majority of the HoR from Tobruk (the UN recognised elected officials and government) and similarly from the Islamist controlled GNC in Tripoli of a truce and an agreement to create a NUG (National Unity Government).
CARTHAGE (TAP) - President Beji Caid Essebsi Sunday received delegations of Tobruk parliament and the General National Council based in Tripoli.
Tobruk and an Islamist-leaning assembly in the capital Tripoli.