Tobruk


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Tobruk

(tōbro͝ok`), Arab. Tubruq, city (1984 pop. 75,282), NE Libya, a port on the Mediterranean Sea. It was a fiercely contested objective in World War II (see North Africa, campaigns inNorth Africa, campaigns in,
series of military contests for control of North Africa during World War II. The desert war started in 1940 and for more than two years thereafter seesawed between NE Libya and NW Egypt.
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). Tobruk was first taken by the British on Jan. 22, 1941. When the Germans under Erwin Rommel drove the British out of Libya (Mar.–Apr., 1941), the Australian garrison at Tobruk was isolated. However, the Australians were provisioned by sea and withstood repeated German attacks. British Field Marshal Claude Auchinleck's drive late in 1941 relieved the siege (Dec. 10). During Rommel's second offensive (begun May 26, 1942), Tobruk fell (June 21) after a one-day assault. The city was retaken by the British on Nov. 30, 1942. The port facilities were expanded in the 1960s to link the city to nearby oil fields.

Tobruk

a small port in NE Libya, in E Cyrenaica on the Mediterranean coast road: scene of severe fighting in World War II: taken from the Italians by the British in January 1941, from the British by the Germans in June 1942, and finally taken by the British in November 1942
References in periodicals archive ?
Agoco has a refinery at Tobruk on stream since 1985 with a capacity of 20,000 b/d.
Both he and the Tobruk administration have so far refused to endorse the unity government.
The legitimate Tobruk parliament is in danger itself of splitting, mostly as a result of western meddling, half staying in Tobruk, with the other half seeking a new location, probably a southern town like Hun in the central desert.
Think about it, three governments instead of just one already internationally recognised one in Tobruk.
CARTHAGE (TAP) - President Beji Caid Essebsi Sunday received delegations of Tobruk parliament and the General National Council based in Tripoli.
Tobruk and an Islamist-leaning assembly in the capital Tripoli.
He underscored that harbouring and supporting rebel groups by the Libyan government in Tobruk represents a blatant intervention in Sudan's internal affairs.
The internationally recognized Council of Deputies has its seat in the northern port city of Tobruk, while their rivals in the largest Libyan city of Tripoli have the support of a broad Islamist coalition called Libyan Dawn.
Rival administrations one in Tobruk, one in Tripoli claim to be legitimate nationwide rulers even though neither actually governs the splinters of territory it claims to control.
NNA - A Turkish dry cargo ship was shelled from the Libyan coast as it approached the port of Tobruk and then attacked from the air as it tried to leave the area on Sunday, the Turkish Foreign Ministry said Monday.
The cargo ship, owned by a Turkish company, was carrying plasterboard from Spain to Tobruk when it was hit 21 km (13 miles) from the port, suffering some damage, the Foreign Ministry statement said.
There are currently two rival governments, one based in Tripoli and the other in Tobruk, with each backed by different militias.