Toji


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Toji (Winter Solstice)

December 22
The earliest mention of Winter Solstice celebrations in Japan dates back at least to 725 c.e. and comes from records left by Emperor Shomu. It is an especially happy time for farmers, because it marks the time of year when the days begin to grow longer and the sun nearer. Many of the customs associated with Toji are still observed in rural areas; they include enjoying citrus baths, eating foods made from pumpkins (which is believed to bring good luck), and offering gifts to one's ancestors. Servants and workers are often given a day off, and many shrines sponsor bonfires.
SOURCES:
JapanFest-1965, p. 209
References in periodicals archive ?
None of the trio of writers appointed for the project had either an academic or activist background in feminism: Fukaya Kazuko was a psychologist, Tanaka Toji was an education scholar, and Tamura Takeshi, a practicing psychiatrist.
Third, because U.S.-born Japanese Americans may not be likely to identify with their Japanese culture (because of the reasons described by Toji, 2003) and this study recruited subjects from Asian cultural events, it is likely that very few U.S.-born Japanese people attended these events or participated in this study.
In this sense, then, Toji's demise signals the difficulties of reconciling two reductive categorizations of the immigrant experience, one based in progressive idealism, the other in xenophobic paranoia.
Veliau toji improvizacijos forma romenu dramaturgu buvo panaudota kaip atskiras komedijos zanras.
Similar iconographic programs can still be found in the eighth-century temples of Yakushi-ji and Shin-Yakushiji in Nara, the ninth-century Toji and Jingoji esoteric temples in Kyoto, and numerous lesser known temples throughout Japan.
Unless noted, the images are from the following source: After Sekai Toji Zenshu vol.19, Tokyo, 1980; plates 39,58,192 and 191.
Some of the hand bookbinding techniques that are common today includes Saddle Stitch, Yotsume Toji, Perfect Binding, Hardcover Binding and Coptic Binding.
Furthermore, renowned UNESCO World Heritage sites such as the Kiyomizu Temple and Toji Temple are both less than a 10-minute drive away.
During the Heian period, the axial Suzoku (Red Pheonix) Road divided the capital in half, with Saiji (West Temple) and Toji (East Temple) on either side of the main avenue.
TOJI, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF ASIAN-AMERICAN STUDIES, CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LONG BEACH, AND AUTHOR OF "ASSESSING THE EMPLOYMENT IMPACTS OF THE LOS ANGELES CIVIL UNREST OF 1992: FURTHERING RACIAL DIVISIONS," ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT QUARTERLY (1997)