token

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token

1. a gift voucher that can be used as payment for goods of a specified value
2. Philosophy an individual instance: if the same sentence has different truth-values on different occasions of utterance the truth-value may be said to attach to the sentence-token

token

[′tō·kən]
(communications)
A unique grouping of bits that is transmitted as a unit in a communications network and used as a signal to notify stations in the network when they have control and are free to send information or take other specified actions.
(computer science)
A distinguishable unit in a sequence of characters.
A single byte that is used to represent a keyword in a programming language in order to conserve storage space.
A physical object, such as a badge or identity card, issued to authorized users of a computing system, building, or area.

token

(grammar)
A basic, grammatically indivisible unit of a language such as a keyword, operator or identifier. Compare: lexeme.

token

(convention)
(Or "pumpkin") An abstact concept passed between cooperating agents to ensure synchronised access to a shared resource. Such a token is never duplicated or destroyed (unless the resource is) and whoever has the token has exclusive access to the resource it controls. See for example token ring.

If several programmers are working on a program, one programmer will "have the token" at any time, meaning that only he can change the program whereas others can only read it. If someone else wants to modify it he must first obtain the token.

token

(1) See authentication token and token passing.

(2) A dynamically assigned number for an EMV credit or debit card transaction. The token is used in place of the "primary account number" (PAN) on the card. See EMV.

(3) In programming, a string of characters. For example, in the C expression #define MAXAMOUNT 50000, MAXAMOUNT is the token.
References in periodicals archive ?
Those few comics writers who already use the superhero split identity to portray this aspect of minority identity generally present race and sexuality with richness and complexity, free of the tokenism and erasure which have dominated the genre.
Too many organisations these days believe they have to apologise for or explain everything they do to pacify those who might otherwise accuse them of racism, sexism, ageism, sizeism or even tokenism (all ugly words to be avoided if at all possible).
Beyond tokenism, beyond being mollified by the symbolic use of the Decalogue, there is another danger: treating the Ten Commandments as a totem," says the editorial.
Having been both perpetrator and victim, I've come to believe tokenism is more sinful than virtuous, regardless of motivation, because it is a lie, an image used to cloak reality.
The point isn't tokenism, but to illuminate the challenges and triumphs of different experiences.
Second, affirmative action is the easy way out, tokenism at its worst.
Shanklin, who doesn't see his new position as tokenism, says he is personally committed to getting more black people into franchising.
Democrats and Republicans strive to avoid a "stimulus package" whose size was mere tokenism from the first.
On the other hand, if the majority-minority approach remains frozen in the amber of government policy, minorities will still face what Guinier called "the triumph of tokenism.
His presence was an indication that the Russians view their military presence in Latvia as more than mere tokenism.
Banning members of parliament is gross tokenism, and Netanyahu should stop trying to have anything to do who goes onto Al Haram Al Sharif.
It's tokenism - of course it is, otherwise he would have patronised, I mean promoted, them sooner.