Toktogul Satylganov

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Toktogul Satylganov


Born Oct. 25,1864, in the kishlak (hamlet) of Kushchusu, in what is now Toktogul Raion, Osh Oblast, Kirghiz SSR; died Feb. 17, 1933, in the village of Sasyk-Dzhiide, Toktogul Raion. Soviet Kirghiz People’s Akyn. Expert in oral poetry, composer, and virtuoso musician; a performer on the komuz. One of the founders of Soviet Kirghiz literature.

Toktogul began composing songs at the age of 12. A master of the aitysh (a traditional form of folk poetry), he also performed folk epic works. Popular lyric works composed during his early period included Alymkan and To Girls. Toktogul wrote many satiric works; for writing the satiric Five Boars, The Moneylender Chakyrbai, and Eshen-Kalpa he was exiled to Siberia. He escaped from exile in 1910 and returned to his homeland; these events were reflected in the songs “Farewell, My People!”, “In Exile, ” and “Greetings, Beloved People!”

After the October Revolution of 1917, Toktogul’s songs summoned the people to build a new life. He was the first in Kirghiz literature to depict V. I. Lenin, in What Kind of Woman Gave Birth to a Son Like Lenin? Toktogul influenced many Kirghiz poets and composers. He wrote numerous kiuis—classics of folk instrumental music such as Toguz-kairyk, Min Kyial, Myrza kerbez, and Chon kerbez.

Toktogul’s melodies have been recorded, and are used by Soviet composers. In 1965 the Toktogul Republic State Prize was established. Toktogul’s poetic works have been translated into many national languages of the USSR.


Chïgarmalïrïn jïynagï, vols. 1–2. Frunze, 1968.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Frunze, 1964.


Vinogradov, V. S. Muzykal’noe nasledie Toktogula. Moscow, 1961.
Malenov, B. Velikii akyn-demokrat. Frunze, 1964.
Abdraev, M., and B. Alagushov. Toktogul-kompozitor. Frunze, 1964.
Istoriia kirgizskoi sovetskoi literatury. Moscow, 1970.
Tashtemirov, J. Toktogul jana kïrgïz adabiyatï. Frunze, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
The concert for children was held in the Kyrgyz National Philharmonic named after Toktogul Satylganov.
This book tells stories about Toktogul Satylganov, Yusuf Khass Hajib, Chingiz Aitmatov and others.
The Toktogul Satylganov Memorial Museum in Toktogul district of Jalal-Abad region has been officially opened after rehabilitation on October 17.
The festival that marked the 150th anniversary of Toktogul Satylganov in Toktogul region has gathered around 10 thousand people including foreigners, said Prime Minister of the Kyrgyz Republic Joomart Otorbayev.
Prime Minister Joomart Otorbayev and several members of the Parliament visited Toktogul Satylganov Memorial Museum in Toktogul region on October 17.
Toktogul town hosted October 17 opening ceremony of the monument to akyn Toktogul Satylganov within the celebration of his 150th anniversary.
Equestrian games have been launched in the village of Jany-Jol in Toktogul district to mark the 150th anniversary of the most famous Kyrgyz improvising poet and singer, Toktogul Satylganov.
President of Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Atambayev today met with TURKSOY (International Organization of Turkic Culture) Secretary General Dusen Kaseinov, who arrived in Bishkek to attend the celebrations of the 150th anniversary of Kyrgyz improvising poet and singer Toktogul Satylganov.
Rehabilitation of the Toktogul Satylganov Memorial Museum located in Toktogul district of Jalal-Abad region will be finished in ten days, said Toktogul Israilov, head of the regional culture department.
Minister of Culture, Information and Tourism of Kyrgyzstan Kamila Taliyeva visited the Toktogul Satylganov Memorial Museum located in Toktogul district of Jalal-Abad region.
On 28 March 2014, 4 cultural figures of Kyrgyzstan will be awarded with Toktogul Satylganov Medals in the framework of the International Organization of Turkic Culture (TURKSOY), Minister of Culture, Information and Tourism Sultan Rayev said.
The commemorative activities dedicated to the Year of Toktogul Satylganov will start in Ankara on March 10, the Ministry of Culture, Information and Tourism of Kyrgyzstan reported.