In August 1610, the galleon San Buena Ventura built in Japan under the direction of William Adams, an Englishman who had the ear of Tokugawa Ieyasu
, was ready to sail to Mexico with Don Rodrigo, the survivors of the 1609 Onjuku wreck, and 23 Japanese led by the Kyoto trader Tanaka Shosuke, who were the first Japanese on record to cross the Pacific.
(1542-1616) was the military leader who completed the reunification of Japan after more than a century of civil war and then restored for himself at the central governing position of shogun which was effectively a military dictator.
's own son was forced to commit seppuku (suicide) for failing his then lord Oda Nobunaga which partly inspired his reasons for abolishing the practice.
More specifically, Christians accessed wealth and weapons from overseas and attempted to form an alliance of Christian daimyd making the rulers, such as Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu
, feel threatened.
Stephen Turnbull's TOKUGAWA IEYASU
(9781849085748, $18.95) provides a fine biography of a Japanese commander of early modern Japan: a military leader who completed Japan's reunification after over a century of civil war, then placed his family in a political position they were to enjoy for two and a half centuries.
For those who don't know Japanese history, Oda Nobunaga was a warlord who almost managed to unify Japan in the late sixteenth century; he was defeated by one of his generals, Akechi Mitsuhide, who was then defeated by Toyotomi Hideyoshi (who in turn was defeated by Tokugawa Ieyasu
in 1600, who started the long line of Shoguns who ruled Japan until the mid-nineteenth century).
Japanese authorities, under the leadership of Tokugawa Ieyasu
[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1543-1616), hoped to gain, by having Spanish experts come to Japan as instructors, technical knowledge regarding how to build Western-style ships, how to better exploit Japanese mines, and how to create more accurate maps and charts.
The first of Japan's Tokugawa shoguns, Tokugawa Ieyasu
, was from the Nagoya area.
The city government said it will soon consult with the Kyoto prefectural government and the central government's Cultural Affairs Agency to launch repair work on the castle, which was the official Kyoto residence of Tokugawa Ieyasu
(1543-1616) who launched the Tokugawa shogunate government in Edo, currently Tokyo, in 1603.
Ozawa likened the Upper House election next summer to the 1600 Battle of Sekigahara, in which Tokugawa Ieyasu
defeated opposing feudal lords, clearing the path for the Tokugawa Shogunate three years later.