J. R. R. Tolkien

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Tolkien, J. R. R.

(John Ronald Reuel Tolkien) (täl`kēn, tōl`–), 1892–1973, British novelist, b. South Africa. A fantasy writer and Oxford don, Tolkien wrote The Hobbit (1937), adapted from stories he told his children. Some of the characters from The Hobbit reappear in The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), a trilogy in which he details the life, history, and cosmology of the mythological Middle Earth, and for which he invented several languages, most notably Elvish. He was also a respected medieval scholar.


See H. Carpenter and C. Tolkien, ed., The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien (1988); biographies by H. Carpenter (1977, repr. 2000), L. E. Jones (2003), and M. White (2003); studies by R. Foster (rev. ed. 2001) and T. A. Shippey (rev. ed. 2003); P. and C. Zaleski, The Fellowship (2015).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Tolkien's books grew out of his love of languages, which he studied and invented at school and university.
JRR Tolkien's fantasy realm of wizardry and magic is set to pull millions of new fans with The Fellowship Of The Ring, the first film in The Lord Of The Rings trilogy.
In a British poll of more than 25,000 people, conducted in 1997, readers of Waterstone's and viewers of Channel 4 voted Tolkien's Lord of the Rings the "greatest book of the century." The critical response to this singular honour, however, was strikingly at variance with such popular acclaim.
It includes a concise biographical essay by Catherine McIlwaine, of the Bodleian's Department of Special Collections, and a small selection of scholarly review essays by major scholars: on the Inklings by John Garth; on the concept of Faerie by Verlyn Flieger; on Tolkien's languages by Carl Hostetter; on his Northern European influences by Tom Shippey; and on his visual art by Wayne G.
Her introduction provides necessary background information, describing Tolkien's lifelong involvement with OE literature and mythopoesis, and laying out the book's argument in the form of short chapter summaries.
By JUSTINE HALIFAX Staff Reporter justine.halifax@trinitymirror.com @birminghammail THE fantastic world of Middle-earth, of hobbits, wizards and orcs, was born in Brum, we are led to believe, as the young John Ronald Reuel Tolkien's imagination ran riot roaming Sarehole Mill and Moseley Bog.
In Tolkien's story Luthien's dad would only allow Beren to marry his daughter if he took one of the jewels, called Simarils, from the crown of the dark lord, Morgoth.
London, Nov 21 ( ANI ): JRR Tolkien's only daughter has filed an 80 million dollar lawsuit against the producers of upcoming film series 'The Hobbit,' accusing them of exploiting the characters of Middle Earth to promote online gambling.
"The day is an opportunity for grown-ups and children to read together and share their thoughts about journeys in Tolkien's works and the places the travellers are going to," a spokesman for the Tolkien Society said.
She believes Tolkien's passion for language was at the heart of his literary work.
? J R R Tolkien's family distanced themselves from a biopic about the author earlier this year, which was made by Fox Searchlight.
Tolkien, the English author of "The Hobbit" and "The Lord of the Rings." And while it certainly is a literary coming-of-age story Nicholas Hoult plays the young J.R.R., or Ronald, as a young man, with Harry Gilby covering his teenage years it is also very much a movie about three other young men, or at least Tolkien's relationship to them.