J. R. R. Tolkien

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Tolkien, J. R. R.

(John Ronald Reuel Tolkien) (täl`kēn, tōl`–), 1892–1973, British novelist, b. South Africa. A fantasy writer and Oxford don, Tolkien wrote The Hobbit (1937), adapted from stories he told his children. Some of the characters from The Hobbit reappear in The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), a trilogy in which he details the life, history, and cosmology of the mythological Middle Earth, and for which he invented several languages, most notably Elvish. He was also a respected medieval scholar.


See H. Carpenter and C. Tolkien, ed., The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien (1988); biographies by H. Carpenter (1977, repr. 2000), L. E. Jones (2003), and M. White (2003); studies by R. Foster (rev. ed. 2001) and T. A. Shippey (rev. ed. 2003); P. and C. Zaleski, The Fellowship (2015).

References in periodicals archive ?
The pleasant countryside atmosphere inspired a young Tolkien's love for nature and the simple life, themes that would certainly carry over into his greater works.
The film focuses on Tolkien's early life and his courtship with Edith Bratt - and how those years inspired him to write The Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings trilogy.
I welcomed the opportunity, not least because I had been a fan of Tolkien's works since childhood.
According to The Hollywood Reporter, Collins will portray the role of Edith Bratt, Tolkien's great love and eventual wife, who inspired the elven princess characters in the 'Lord of the Rings' saga.
The book shows that Tolkien's Roman Catholic convictions related to a benevolent creator God and to the idea that humans possess something of the God-image themselves -- enough to partner in God's creativity.
Tolkien's "The Simarillion" -- also published posthumously in 1977.
Narrative Models in Tolkien's Stories of Middle-Earth.
JRR Tolkien's book, intended to excite the imagination of children and adults alike, was published on September 21, 1937.
One, The Shadow Man, is an earlier version of Tolkien's Adventures of Tom Bombadil.
Appropriations of Tolkien's mythology are often not based on a consistent systematic examination of the principles found in his books; rather, they tend to arise either from a priori assumptions or from the reviewers' gut instincts.
Tolkien's "creative attention to detail" in his lectures gives rise to a sense of the immediacy and clarity of his vision," said his son.
Matthew Dickerson makes his own contribution, drawing upon his academic background in the subject to produce a volume accessible to the general reader who wants to consider Tolkien's work in more depth in select areas.