J. R. R. Tolkien

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Tolkien, J. R. R.

(John Ronald Reuel Tolkien) (täl`kēn, tōl`–), 1892–1973, British novelist, b. South Africa. A fantasy writer and Oxford don, Tolkien wrote The Hobbit (1937), adapted from stories he told his children. Some of the characters from The Hobbit reappear in The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), a trilogy in which he details the life, history, and cosmology of the mythological Middle Earth, and for which he invented several languages, most notably Elvish. He was also a respected medieval scholar.


See H. Carpenter and C. Tolkien, ed., The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien (1988); biographies by H. Carpenter (1977, repr. 2000), L. E. Jones (2003), and M. White (2003); studies by R. Foster (rev. ed. 2001) and T. A. Shippey (rev. ed. 2003); P. and C. Zaleski, The Fellowship (2015).

References in periodicals archive ?
It is necessary to remain 'Tolkienian'." Tolkien grew up in south Birmingham and drew inspiration for his Middle Earth stories from local features such as Sarehole Mill and Moseley Bog.
One character who certainly invests in Joey is Albert Narracott, the artless young farm boy who forms an unbreakable bond with the horse; a bond that takes him on a quest which has Tolkienian echoes.
These buildings are not described to invoke any sense of wonder or promote Tolkienian recovery.
Therefore, the Tolkienian fiction composes and recreates the oldest and
[I]n the Tolkienian world, you can hardly put your foot down anywhere from Esgaroth to Forlindon, or between Ered Mithrin and Khand, without stirring the dust of history.
More importantly, as I will explain in this article, the Gothic possesses the rather unique attribute of balancing between two antithetical metaphysical categories: although not strictly fantastic in a Tolkienian sense, it nevertheless cannot be called a realistic mode, either.
The video games projected on this virtual ceiling manifest aspects borrowed from other media, such as the labyrinth imagery of Nintendo's Donkey Mong and the post-apocalyptic quests of Fallout, as well as a militarized masculinity and a Tolkienian or postmedieval imagination.
Flores, for instance, sees Sancho as a heroic squire when he compares him to Sam Gangee in The Lord of the Rings (106-112), arguing that "in this manner we can finally and distinctly perceive the true image of Sancho reflected by the magic looking glass of Tolkienian lore [in the figure of Sam]" (112).
It doesn't help matters that the dwarf prince Thorin Oakenshield (Richard Armitage) is not long inside these hallowed walls when he succumbs to a familiar Tolkienian malady--a lust for gold and jewels that renders its victims void of reason or empathy.
Hostetter, The Tolkienian Linguistics FAQ, The Elvish
In 2004 Jared Lobdell's The Rise of the Tolkienian Fantasy assigned to J.