Toluca

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Toluca

(tōlo͞o`kä), city (1990 pop. 327,865), capital of Mexico state, central Mexico. Located on the central plateau, Toluca (alt. c.8,760 ft/2,670 m) has a year-round cool climate. It was established as a settlement in 1530 by Hernán CortésCortés, Hernán,
or Hernando Cortez
, 1485–1547, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Mexico. Expedition to Mexico

Cortés went (1504) first to Hispaniola and later (1511) accompanied Diego de Velázquez to Cuba.
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, who had received the Valle de Toluca as a grant from Emperor Charles V. The surrounding plain is fertile, producing grain, fruits, and vegetables. Cattle raising is important. The city has become increasingly industrialized, and has food processing, beverage, and automobile assembly plants, as well as flour, cotton, and woolen mills; it has also experienced growth as an outlying suburb of Mexico City. Despite industrialization the city is still known for its traditional handicrafts. Two small rivers run through the town, and nearby is an inactive volcano, the Nevado de Toluca, called also Xinantecatl and Cinantécatl.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Toluca

 

a city in central Mexico and capital of the state of México. Population, 136,100 (1974). Toluca, a transportation center, has industries that serve the capital area. Among the city’s main branches of industry are automobile assembly, electrical engineering, chemicals, food processing, and textile manufacturing.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Toluca

1. a city in S central Mexico, capital of Mexico state, at an altitude of 2640 m (8660 ft.). Pop.: 1 987 000 (2005 est.)
2. Nevado de a volcano in central Mexico, in Mexico state near Toluca: crater partly filled by a lake. Height: 4577 m (15 017 ft.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005